We examined over -expression of p53 protein and proliferative activity of neoplastic endocrine and Paneth cells in cancer or dysplasia of ulcerative colitis (UC). The labeling index of p53 or Ki-67 of endocrine cells was counted with double immunostaining of p53 or Ki -67 and chromogranin A (CGA).540 CGA-positive cells and 65 Paneth cells were all negative for p53.5.1C of CGA- positive cells and none of 56 Paneth cells were positive for Ki -67 reaction. These observation suggest that even in cancer or dysplasia of UC cell-differentiation to neoplastic endocrine and Paneth cells decrease proliferative activity, and that these types of cell-differentiation suppress over- expression of p53 protein.
Glycyrrhizin had been used widely for the patients with chronic liver disease. We examined the pharmacokinetics of the glycyrrhizin and glycyrrhetic acid in the blood stream after intra-venous administration of glycyrrhizin. The stream concentration of glycyrrhizin in the patients of liver cirrhosis tend to be kept higher than that of chronic hepatitis but there were no significant difference between them except for after a half hour from the administration. There was negative correlation between ICG R15 and the speed of excretion of glycyrrhizin from the serum. On the other hand, the concentration of the glycyrrhetic acid was kept higher in the patients with liver cirrhosis than that of chronic hepatitis, but there were no significant difference between them except for after a half hour from the administration. These findings sugested that the accumulation of glycyrrhizin and glycyrrhetic acid in the patients of liver cirrhosis can be seen by long term administration.