The relationship between Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection and gastric cancer was evaluated clinicopathologically by histological types of gastric cancer (intestinal or diffuse type). Histological findings of resected stomach tissues and serum anti-H. pylori IgG antibody titers obtained in patients with early gastric cancer revealed H. pylori infection and associated inflammatory changes in all cases, irrespective of histological types of cancer, and suggested that diffuse type cancer occurs in the mucosa with marked inflammation at a relatively early stage of H. pylori infection, while intestinal type cancer occurs at a relatively late stage of infection in parallel with the progression of mucosal atrophy and intestinal metaplasia. Results of immunohistochemical staining showed high incidence of secretory components in and around cancer foci, suggesting that immunological mechanisms for H. pylori infection play a role in the development of gastric cancer regardless of its histological type.
In order to assess the efficacy of helical CT in drip-infusion cholangiography (DIC-CT) for diagnosis of choledocholithiasis, 82 patients with biliary diseases, including 25 patients with a definite diagnosis of choledocholithiasis obtained by direct cholangiography, were investigated by DIC-CT and EUS. Comparative investigation showed that, of the 25 cases, 94.7% could be imaged by DIC-CT and 87.5% by EUS, with respective sensitivities of 94.7% and 87.5%. The specificities in both cases were 100% and accuracies were 97.8% with DIC-CT and 96% with EUS respectively. Therefore, in diagnosis the choledocholithiasis, DIC-CT displays similar diagnostic efficiency as EUS or ERC. and can be recognized as the non-invasive and useful procedure for pre-operative diagnosis of cholecystolithiasis.