Journal of Rural Economics
Online ISSN : 2188-1057
Print ISSN : 0387-3234
ISSN-L : 0387-3234
Current issue
Displaying 1-10 of 10 articles from this issue
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  • Bai HU
    2022 Volume 94 Issue 1 Pages 1-18
    Published: June 25, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: September 25, 2022
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    This paper attempts to clarify the farming and management characteristics of innovative organic farmers and the effects in promoting the growth of organic agriculture in Japan. Case studies with four organic farmers were conducted. The main practices in chemical fertilizer-free farming were found to be as soil improvement with organic fertilizers use, use of fully fermented composts, supply of mineral/enzyme nutrients for activating soil microbial activity, as well as the adoption of traditional cultivation practices. The practices applied in agrochemicals-free farming include the integrated application of soil improvement, fertility management and pest/disease control, and repressive use of substances meeting JAS standards(Japanese Agricultural Standard for Plant Pest and Disease Control), as well as the methods of pest/disease control rooted in traditional agriculture. These practices illustrate significant performance in yield and economic sustainability, offering important evidence for policymaking and research aimed at promoting the growth of organic agriculture.

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research letter
  • Miho NISHIHARA, Eriko MIYAMA, Toshio NOMIYAMA
    2022 Volume 94 Issue 1 Pages 19-24
    Published: June 25, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: September 25, 2022
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    The objective of this study is to clarify the role and public nature of the small wholesale market located in Komagane City, Nagano Prefecture, a horticulture production area. Analysis is conducted focusing on the supply of materials for school lunches and the freight car consolidation business as characteristic efforts that emphasize the public nature rather than profitability of the distribution business. Komagane Wholesale Market serves as a coordinator of regional food distribution, enabling the market to operate as a leader in the distribution of differentiated products. One of the reasons for this is that it is a small-scale wholesale market where the auctioneer can understand the circumstances of each and every producer and buyer who enters the Komagane market. In this way, it can be pointed out that the public nature of the small-scale wholesale market is to provide information and sales channels for creating new value and production bases in the region.

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  • Kazuki NAKAMURA, Daizo KOJIMA, Mitsuyoshi ANDO
    2022 Volume 94 Issue 1 Pages 25-30
    Published: June 25, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: September 25, 2022
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    Using microdata of a nationwide survey by MAFF, this study aims to examine the drivers of food waste. We adopt an ordered probit model to examine the drivers. The results statistically show that the level of food waste is influenced by gender, age, job, eating-out frequency, food safety awareness, efforts to reduce food waste, checking food packaging, and food management. The efforts to reduce food waste have a positive effect in reducing food waste, while the awareness of food waste does not exert such an effect. The findings conclude that a gap exists between awareness and behavior.

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  • Takashi ISHIDA, Yasuo OHE
    2022 Volume 94 Issue 1 Pages 31-36
    Published: June 25, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: September 25, 2022
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    Food education has been particularly focused upon the school-lunch issues. To further enhancement of food education, the private sector is expected to play a role in this area. Thus, this paper investigated the consciousness and challenges of food education programs as a CSR activity conducted by dairy manufacturers in Japan, which has been little explored despite having a long history of food education and playing an important role. Based on a questionnaire survey to dairy manufacturers in Japan, we employed a factor analysis and regression model and found that small manufacturers are likely to less active than larger manufacturers. Thus, more collective action of the dairy industry will be effective with knowledge and experience sharing among the manufacturers.

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  • Kosuke SAITO, Lily KIMINAMI
    2022 Volume 94 Issue 1 Pages 37-42
    Published: June 25, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: September 25, 2022
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    The objective of this study is to clarify the current state of post-harvest loss of satoimo in Gosen City, Niigata Prefecture, and to explore the possibilities and issues of efforts to reduce post-harvest loss. The main outcomes are as follows. First, effective utilization of non-standard satoimo such as Oyaimo creates a new market and can contribute to the reduction of food loss. Secondly, all the Oyaimo in Gosen City are discarded and are not consumed. Thirdly, it is expected that a new market will be created through the development of attractive processed products using Oyaimo. However, it is necessary to construct a new social culture that sees post-harvest loss as an issue of the sustainable development of the food system through collaboration between actors and activities within the system. Therefore, changes in collective attitudes toward satoimo through organizational learning among producers, consumers, and related industries are required.

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  • Ryuichi SAKUTA, Naoki SHOJI, Yosuke HASHIMOTO, Miwa ISHIHARA, Naoko KI ...
    2022 Volume 94 Issue 1 Pages 43-48
    Published: June 25, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: September 25, 2022
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    The purpose of this study is to empirically examine the possibility of employment for people with severe disabilities using ICT in the agricultural sector in order to build a concrete model of agriculture and welfare collaboration using ICT employment. For this reason, in 2020, employment demonstration experiments were conducted at two farms in Miyagi Prefecture. In the experiment, it was confirmed whether the "necessary work" proposed by the agricultural side could be "engaged in by work from home using ICT" for persons with severe disabilities. At the same time, we were able to confirm whether a short-time work plan based on the concept of ultrashort work time is effective for realizing employment.

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  • Hiroki SASAKI, Masaya HIRABARA, Hirokazu MATSUYAMA, Hiroshi MORITA, Ta ...
    2022 Volume 94 Issue 1 Pages 49-54
    Published: June 25, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: September 25, 2022
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    This research examined how introduction of a social score system via the mobile app Aya Score affected social capital and subjective well-being (SWB) in Aya Town, Miyazaki. The results of the OLS and Probit model showed that there is a statistically significant difference between those who use Aya Score and those who doesn’t use it both in social capital and SWB. Four types of matching methods were also used for causal analyses. Matching methods revealed that people who use Aya Score have higher social capital (Bonding and Bridging) and SWB.

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  • Satoshi IMAHIE
    2022 Volume 94 Issue 1 Pages 55-60
    Published: June 25, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: September 25, 2022
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    This paper discusses the long-run impact of reputation damage on the market transactions associated with the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. I estimated the demand function of rice using the discrete-choice model, and the equilibrium was solved using the parameters of the model. As a result, although evasive behavior among consumers was found, estimates under the assumption of no damage differed little from the real prices. This suggests that the secular price decline of rice produced in Fukushima Prefecture was not caused only by psychological factors of consumers but also by other factors such as wholesaler’s private standards.

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  • Shigeyoshi TAKEUCHI
    2022 Volume 94 Issue 1 Pages 61-66
    Published: June 25, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: September 25, 2022
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    Using registration data, this study analyzes the agricultural structure and inheritance of productive green land in suburban areas. We take Machida City, Tokyo, as our research area as this region has the most abundant productive green land, after Hachioji City. The result shows that the number of farmers declines with age. Hence, it is crucial to appoint a successor to maintain the farmland. However, despite the presence of a successor, the proportion of farmers has been declining, especially in large landholdings with a large group of farmers. While there has been progress in the inheritance of productive green land, almost half the farmlands have not been registered for inheritance. This finding shows that, although necessary measures have been implemented for the extension of farmlands, the maintenance and succession of abandoned farmlands remain unaddressed problems.

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  • Hironori YAGI, Dongyool KIM, Michihisa IIDA
    2022 Volume 94 Issue 1 Pages 67-72
    Published: June 25, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: September 25, 2022
    JOURNAL RESTRICTED ACCESS

    The Multi-functionality Payment Grant aims to encourage large-scale rice farms through the direct payment of the wage for weeding paddy field levees although an impact verification is still required. Through the application of a mathematical programming model to a large-scale rice farm in Fukui Prefecture, we reached following conclusion. First, this direct payment scheme contributes to maintaining a farm business because a certain level of labor cost is provided. Second, raising the area-based payment rate does not lead to a farm scale increase because the payment indirectly supports the labor cost of field levee management. Third, the objectives of farms affect their field choice decisions when the direct payment is available in a limited geographical range. It should be noted that an excessive payment rate may hinder the conservation of less favored fields as the amount can be sufficient with a generous payment.

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