In this study, the characteristics of farmland lease and the existence condition of large-scale paddy farming management in Hokkaido were clarified. Firstly, farm retirement became prevalent in rural communities and only a small number of large-scale farmers remained. Land value fell and elderly farmland owners opted to sell their farmland. On the other hand, large-scale farmers sought to accumulate more farmland. Thus, the leased land relationship is characterized by a shift toward buying and selling. Secondly, the farmland dispersal problem in large-scale farms was solved. The large-scale farms could be divided into a rice-growing village and an upland field crop village.
The TPP is not only an EPA for the purpose of economic liberalization by countries in the Pacific Rim, but also a creation of the economic domain that subsumes “center ” countries and “periphery ” countries. There exist stronghold countries and acceptor countries of multinational enterprises. In this study, we propose that TPP would create a situation where societies of post primitive accumulation and those of midst primitive accumulation would be linked to each other.
In this study, we aimed to clarify the perspectives of agricultural interest groups on the US Agricultural Act of 2014 and its background, by using the National Corn Growers Association（NCGA）and the USA Rice Federation（USA Rice）as case examples. It was revealed that NCGA is satisfied with the Agricultural Act of 2014 whereas USA Rice is not. We confirmed that conflicts between crops and regions revealed in previous studies are reflected on the evaluation of the Agricultural Act of 2014.