音声研究
Online ISSN : 2189-5961
Print ISSN : 1342-8675
21 巻 , 1 号
選択された号の論文の16件中1~16を表示しています
研究論文
特集「音声/音韻から言語の化石を発掘する:進化言語学の最新の知見」
第1部:動物の音声コミュニケーションの観点から
第2部:人間の音韻知識・音声実行の観点から
特集「『音声研究』優秀論文賞受賞論文の国際情報発信」
  • Shiro Kori
    2017 年 21 巻 1 号 p. 105-126
    発行日: 2017/04/30
    公開日: 2017/09/12
    ジャーナル フリー

    The level of phonetic realization of lexical accent (reduced level, which, in the case of words with an accent kernel, is exhibited by a low F0 value, or full level) is one of the major determinants of sentence intonation in Tokyo Japanese. Three experiments were conducted to provide evidence to support the author's previous claim that the reduction of accent level is triggered by semantically restrictive modification, and not by syntax. In Experiment 1, F0 values of the first two constituents of [[A[BC]]D] and [A[[BC]D]] were compared. The results indicated the irrelevance of overall syntactic branching structure for the accent level. In Experiments 2 and 3, peak F0 values of nouns with an accent kernel in semantically restrictive and non-restrictive conditions were investigated acoustically and perceptually. The results supported the prediction: nouns have lower F0 values when they are semantically restricted by the directly preceding modifier than when they are not.

  • Michinao F. Matsui
    2017 年 21 巻 1 号 p. 127-140
    発行日: 2017/04/30
    公開日: 2017/09/12
    ジャーナル フリー

    The C/D model (Fujimura 1992, 2007) is an explicit framework that calculates the continuous physical gestures and other quantitative phonetic information of speech sounds from inputs that solely consist of qualitative phonological information. Fujimura proposes that the inputs to the C/D model are syllables, themselves consisting of sets of unary and underspecified phonological features, instead of a set of binary features used in many standard phonological theories. This paper slightly revises this original formulation by Fujimura and instead proposes that syllables can be further defined in terms of “mora sets”, in addition to unary features that define the qualitative characteristics of the Impulse Response Functions (IRFs). The argument is developed based on discussion of vowel devoicing in Japanese.

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