音声研究
Online ISSN : 2189-5961
Print ISSN : 1342-8675
6 巻 , 2 号
選択された号の論文の22件中1~22を表示しています
表紙
特集「認知科学と音声研究」
研究論文
  • 麦谷 綾子, 林 安紀子, 桐谷 滋
    原稿種別: 本文
    2002 年 6 巻 2 号 p. 66-74
    発行日: 2002/08/30
    公開日: 2017/08/31
    ジャーナル フリー
    音声知覚能力の発達は言語獲得を可能にする最も重要な要素のひとつである。乳児の音声知覚は生後1年間で飛躍的に発達し,母語の音声言語体系に適合した様式になる。故に,前言語期の乳児の音声知覚能力に関する知見を得ることは,人間の言語獲得過程をあきらかにする上で不可欠である。麦谷(2000)の報告において,乳児は生後8ヶ月で自分の養育環境にある関東方言を選好することが示された。この知見を踏まえ,本研究では乳児が方言音声への選好を示す際に手がかりとしている音声特徴を,乳児行動実験と音響分析を用いて検討することを目的とした。乳児行動実験から方言音声の韻律的特徴には乳児が選好を示すために十分な情報量が含まれていること,また音響分析からいくつかの音響特徴において方言間での違いが見出され,乳児の方言音声選好の手がかりとなっている可能性が示唆された。
  • 桑本 裕二
    原稿種別: 本文
    2002 年 6 巻 2 号 p. 75-87
    発行日: 2002/08/30
    公開日: 2017/08/31
    ジャーナル フリー
    In Arabic weak verbs, containing glides as root consonants, glides are sometimes altered to high vowels or deleted, whereas the other root consonants are not. In this study, I analyze glide/vowel alternations in Arabic weak verbs with the segregated faithful constraints, following Correspondence Theory of McCarthy & Prince (1995), which suggests that root-faithfulness should be segregated from affix-faithfulness. Furthermore I assume that there are structurally different types of affixes: vowel affixes and personal affixes, and different kinds of phonological constraints function separately for each case.
  • 皆川 泰代, 前川 喜久雄, 桐谷 滋
    原稿種別: 本文
    2002 年 6 巻 2 号 p. 88-97
    発行日: 2002/08/30
    公開日: 2017/08/31
    ジャーナル フリー
    Effects of pitch type and syllable position in identifying Japanese long and short vowels were examined for Japanese learners whose native language was either English or Korean. The subjects judged whether the stimulus included a long vowel and where in the stimulus the long vowel occurred. The English and Korean speakers showed similar effects of pitch and syllable position. The vowel labeled "H" (high pitch accent) tended to be perceived as long, whereas the vowel labeled "L" (low pitch) tended to be perceived as short. Pitch effects were more prominent in word final position than in non-final position and vowel identification was more difficult in word final position. Previous studies examined only duration effects, however, this study revealed that pitch also influences non-native listeners in their identification of long and short vowels.
研究ノート
  • 李 活雄, 村島 健一郎
    原稿種別: 本文
    2002 年 6 巻 2 号 p. 98-104
    発行日: 2002/08/30
    公開日: 2017/08/31
    ジャーナル フリー
    This paper is concerned with how n-/l- (or r-) variation in loanwords among Cantonese speakers in Hong Kong takes place in different phonetic environments. Previous researches point out that the ongoing merger of n- into l- in a syllable initial position in Cantonese often has influences on the borrowing of words from other languages and the learning of foreign languages. For example, when they introduce English words into Cantonese, Cantonese speakers are likely to realise n- as l- like "notes" /nouts/ as [lok. si]. Our survey with 204 non-sense words written in Japanese hiragana, however, shows that there is no statistical significance between the percentage of errors of n- and l- (or r-) in any phonetic environment except when a nasal precedes r-. In that case, it is realised as n- significantly. The result may suggest that n-/l- (or r-) variation in loanwords among the Cantonese speakers occurs in a two-way manner, namely n- → l- and l- → n-, which is a new finding when compared with the previous researches.
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