Making morphemes within a word distinct while keeping the word's coherence might be considered opposites. In this paper, I deal with four types of compounds in ancient and modern Japanese, and argue that the two tasks function effectively and are entirely compatible. The compounds dealt with in this paper are (i) /Q/-inserting compounds in modern Japanese: ma-Q-siro, huto-Q-para, kore-Q-kiri, and (ii) Rendaku (or sequential voicing): yama-bato, tani-gawa, sato-bito, (iii) compounds attested to be pronounced as two independent accent phrases in ancient Japanese, and (iv) vowel elision in consecutive vowels in compounds in ancient Japanese.
In this paper, I propose that the phonotactic restriction that 衣 ([e]) should be used at the word-initial position and 江 ([je]) should be used otherwise was formed in the early part of the 10th century. The phrase "e-no-je (えのえ) ", which is included in Ametsuchi-no-uta written by Minamoto-no-Shitago, also follows this phonotactics. Around the middle of the 10th century, the phonotactics began to lose force gradually, and the change from [e-] to [je-] occurred at the initial position of the second (and subsequent) word in the combination of words. Consequently, the delimitative function of [e] weakened, and [je] came to be used at both the initial and non-initial positions. By the end of the 10th century, [e] had completely merged into [je].
The purpose of this paper is to compare the kanji pronunciation represented in the guiding notes added to the two Chinese texts, the Qun Shu Zhi Yao in the Kanazawa Library and the Honchomonzui in Kuwonji Temple. Whereas the Qun Shu Zhi Yao is a classical Chinese work, the Honchomonzui is a "Japanized Chinese text" written by Japanese writers. Both of the texts were transcribed with guiding notes by Kiyohara no Noritaka in the second half of the 13th century. Although these guiding notes were added by the same person in the same era, they are completely different. This shows that the traditional research method on the pronunciation of kanji, in which classical Chinese texts have been given priority over "Japanized" ones, should be reconsidered.
This paper describes a change in the degree of the independence of the postpositional mora by taking notice of the position of kana in the scores of shomyo, Japanese Buddhist chants. An investigation into the scores of the Nanzan-shin School, the Soo-in School and the Tendai School revealed that the postpositional mora acquired its independence as a unit of syllabication during the Medieval Japanese and Early Modern Japanese periods.
In this paper, I describe the accent on predicates in the Kyoto dialect in the Heian era. This paper focuses on verbs with affixes which have not been discussed comprehensively in previous studies. By including them, I attempt to describe all the pitch patterns of predicates. The accent on predicates in this era are not very useful for distinguishing between predicate forms. They have mainly a delimitative function.
This paper provides a general description of the phonological history of Okinawan language, mainly focusing on its palatalization and affricative changes. The outline of this paper is as follows; (1) Did the affricative change of */ki/ occur during the 16th century? (2) The affricative change of */ti/ already occurred in the beginning of the 16th century, prior to that of */ki/. (3) It appears that the affricative formation of */gi/ and */di/ occurred slightly later than that of */ki/ and */ti/. (4) The palatalization of */-ika/ had already occurred in the beginning of 16th century. (5) The affricative formation of */ita/ occurred in the beginning of 16th century. (6) The palatalization of */iga/ occurred in the beginning of 16th century. (7) The palatalization of */ida/ must have occurred during the 16th century.
日本語の歴史的音韻学の定説の中で,音便というのは未だに不透明な部分もあり,中古語で発生した複雑な音変化群を示す。しかしながら,Frellesvigの『A Case Study in Diachronic Phonology - The Japanese Onbin Sound Changes』という著作が1995年に出版されるまで,ある意味では,音便の音変化の働きに関する特徴の理解,殊に音便の誘引や動機づけの理解が浅薄だったと言えるであろう。このFrellesvigの通時的な音韻学の例示研究はAndersenが60年代から開発した言語学理論の枠組の内で製作されたものの,Andersonの理論は記号学やヨーロッパの構造言語学に基づいたものである。この論文では,音便を定義し要約したのち,現象の誘引や動機づけを吟味しながら,現在までの学識及び観点の異なるFrellesvigの理論についても考察する。