The excavations of Khaemwaset's monument at North Saqqara have yielded a number of hieratic dockets on building materials. These represent rare New Kingdom examples of their type, and promise to provide significant information about organization of labour. It is here proposed that these dockets related to the transportation of building materials for the monument. They perhaps also suggest a gang system slightly different from that in evidence at Deir el-Medina. Future studies of these hieratic dockets, as well as of other marks, will hopefully elucidate this organization further.
This(1) is the first of a series of papers that, taken together, will give an approach to modern Persian grammar on semantic principles. In this paper I attempt to examine semantic function of the inanimate-subject in the 'Subject+Object+Verb' transitive verb constructions, based on the framework of Fillmore's 'Case Grammar' theory(2). The argument, here, will explore the case priority in the inanimate-subject position and the possibility of a hidden agentive subject in some inanimate-subject in transitive verb constructions. In addition, this paper suggests that the variety of subjects in Persian shall be attributed to the restricted word order: Subject+Object+Verb. This restriction plays an important role in granting the subject various semantic roles.