This paper shows that there are some particular interesting points in anatomical, physiological, bacterial, morphological, biochemicol and immunoclinical observation of humanand animal tonsils. 1) Microcirculatory observation was extended to the anterior palatine arch and thence to the palatine tonsil. The vascular pattern changed gradually and finally capillaryloops disapeared completely. 2) Mycoplasma strains were isolated from removed tonsils by the PPLO culture technique and were microbiologically and serologically examined. Beside, pathogenic bacteria, especially Streptococcus hemolyticus and Staphylococcus aureus from the same tonsils, were investigated in relation with mycoplasma. 3) It was carried out with pathologic, electron microscopic and histochemical studies of tonsillar morphology. 4) The analysed substances were: acid soluble protein, steroid, thymus substances like hormone, compound related to nucleic acid and various enzymes in hypertrophied, chronic and focused tonsil extracts. 5) The quantities of IgA, IgG and IgM were determined in sera and tonsil extracts. 6) Serum complements and immunoglobulin level were observed during tonsillar provocations tests and tonsillectomy. 7) The influence on autonomic nervous function, thyroid function or serum steroid hormone of chronic tonsillitis was examined.
A case of a large tonsillar cyst that developed in a 48-year-old female who had repeated acute inflammation of the tonsils and of the pharynx in the past was reported. The author described the clinical course and pathological findings which indicated that the cyst was a retention cyst developed in the fossa tonsillaris superior probably due to inflammation.
A total of 98 cases of foreign bodies in the trachea, bronchi and esophagus encountered during the last ten years at Sapporo Medical College was reported, together with comparative study to the foreign bodies seen during the preceding ten years, on which theauthors reported previously.
A case of facial paralysis probably due to Hunt's syndrome was reported. The case was accompanied by auditory and trigenminal nerve disturbances but not by herpes about the auricle. The patient was treated with Leuchlon (an antibiotic), Betnelan (an ACTH preparation), vitamin compounds, Capilan and Neostygmin. Faradism therapy was instituted from the 20th day of the disease. Complete recovery of the facial paralysis, together with clearing of severe dysacousis, was obtained in 68 days after the onset of the disease or after 64 days of treatment.