本研究は，成人期の女性のワーク・ファミリー・コンフリクトと精神的健康との関連について，パーソナリティの調節効果の影響を検討することを目的として実施された。対象者は共働き家庭で，夫・子どもと同居している女性288名（平均年齢42.5歳）で，郵送法による質問紙調査を行った。パーソナリティは，日本語版Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) によって測定された。階層重回帰分析の結果，精神的健康へは，労働時間，ワーク・ファミリー・コンフリクト，パーソナリティ特性である損害回避と自己志向の主効果，ならびにワーク・ファミリー・コンフリクトと自己志向の交互作用の影響が有意であった。さらに交互作用の検定の結果，自己志向が高い場合にはワーク・ファミリー・コンフリクトが高くても精神的健康が維持されることが示され，自己志向の調節効果が認められた。
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between affective experience and friendship motivation, at the same time categorizing friendship events. Participants were 132 university and junior college students. Ten categories of friendship events were found, and results showed that strain and deterioration of relationship predicted depression/anxiety and hostility, and change of impression led to boredom. Hostility and boredom in turn had a negative correlation with intrinsic motivation. The importance of diversity in friendship events in examining the relationship between affective experience and motivation was discussed.
In this study, an Internet-based survey was conducted to study the relationship between perception of dry-wet personality dimension and motion patterns of gas and liquid that gave wet or dry impressions. Participants, 206 in total, observed online computer simulation movies of gas and liquid molecule motion patterns, and answered how dry or wet they perceived each particle's motion on each movie as in human behavior. Results showed that participants saw the motion of gas molecules as dry, and that of liquid wet as in human behavior.
Many studies using dot-probe task revealed that high anxious individuals show selective attention to threatening information. A previous study using neutral stimulus trials found that the dot probe effect was at least partially due to a disengagement effect. The current study compared high anxious group with low group, in order to determine whether the difficulty to disengage attention was found only for the high group. The current study also manipulated SOAs (stimulus onset asynchrony) in order to determine whether the difficulty to disengage attention persisted or not. Results indicated that high anxious individuals showed difficulty to disengage attention only under 0 ms SOA condition.
This study developed a Japanese version of Consideration of Future Consequences Scale (CFC: Strathman, Gleicher, Boninger, & Edwards, 1994), and examined its reliability and validity with 272 participants. Factor analysis revealed that the Japanese version of CFC scale had one factor structure, as did the original version. Cronbach's alpha of the scale was .74, which showed adequate internal consistency of the scale. The Japanese version CFC had positive correlations with pathways thoughts, agency thoughts, and goal orientation, which indicated the scale's correlational validity.
The purpose of the present study was to develop a Japanese version of Rumination-Reflection Questionnaire (RRQ) and examine its reliability and validity. Previous studies suggested that RRQ had two subscales: rumination and reflection. Rumination was dispositional self-attentiveness evoked by negative events, and reflection was dispositional self-attentiveness motivated by intellectual interests. Data from 241 undergraduates were analyzed, and factor analysis showed two factors, corresponding to the previous findings. Both subscales showed sufficient internal consistency and concurrent validity with clinical and personality scales. These findings provided support for reliability and validity of Japanese-version RRQ.