The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between oblivious and hyper-vigilant types of narcissism, looking at their self-esteem and social anxiety. Undergraduates, 344 in total, completed NPI-S, three subscales of Narcissistic Vulnerability Scale (hypersensitivity to approval/admiration, covert sense of entitlement, and inhibition of self-exhibition), self-esteem scale, and SADS. Results indicated that narcissism was divided into three categories: the first had high self-esteem and low social anxiety, the second high social anxiety and low self-esteem, and for the third, the two were neither high nor low.
This study examined whether information-processing style mediated the effect of interpersonal intolerance of ambiguity (IIA) on mental health. Path analysis showed that IIA had a positive effect on stress response. Rationality mediated the effect, and there was a direct effect as well. On the other hand, intuition did not mediate it. These results suggested that rationality to some extent played an important role as a mediator between IIA and mental health
This study investigated the relationship among negative rumination, self-conscious emotions of shame, guilt, and envy, and four factors of self-oriented perfectionism: desire for perfection, personal standard, concern over mistakes, and doubt of actions. One hundred and forty eight (148) university students completed a questionnaire. Results showed that shame and envy had a positive correlation with negative rumination. Also, covariance structure analysis suggested that concern over mistakes led to negative rumination, which was mediated by envy. Implications of the present findings and future research directions are discussed.
In this study, lexical decision task was used to examine information processing function in internal working models of attachment. It was hypothesized that when initials of best friend were presented as a prime stimulus, relationship-specific model would operate in addition to general model. Participants were 68 undergraduates. Results of hierarchical regression analyses on reaction inhibition, which was average reaction time on negative targets minus average reaction time on positive targets, revealed that primed participants showed larger reaction inhibition when they were presented with relationship-related words. The result supported the hypothesis of this study. Finally, limitations and future directions of this study are discussed.
The present study examined depression among Japanese college students and its relationship to four types of aggression: physical aggression, verbal aggression, anger, and hostility. We used Japanese version of Aggression Questionnaire (Buss & Perry, 1992; Ando et al., 1999). Analysis of correlation coefficients of the data from 140 undergraduates showed that depression had a positive correlation with anger and hostility, while it showed a negative correlation with verbal aggression. The result suggested that college students with high depression tended to feel anger and hostility easily. However, they were less likely to show verbally aggressive behavior.