Researchers have hypothesized that narcissists mask their implicit sense of self-dislike by constructing a grandiose self-representation. Several studies have tested this “mask model” using measures of implicit self-esteem, but no study has been done with a Japanese sample. In this study, the Implicit Association Test (Study 1; n=62) and a name letter task (Study 2; n=102) were administrated to measure the implicit self-esteem of Japanese undergraduates. The relationship between implicit self-esteem and narcissism was examined, and the results did not support the mask model. This result is similar to recent findings from a meta-analysis of the mask model of narcissism.
This study examined the relationship between dissociative tendencies and aggressive behaviors in adolescents. The Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES) and the Picture-Frustration (P–F) Study were administered to 60 vocational school students (28 men and 32 women; M=20.4 years). Simple correlation analysis indicated that the DES had negative correlations with obstacle-dominance and im-aggression, and had a positive correlation with extra-aggression from the P–F Study. Among the subscales of the DES, depersonalization was most related to aggressive behaviors. The results suggest that adolescents who have high dissociative tendencies are inclined to show aggression toward others directly.
We assessed the relationship between frequencies of engaging in pleasant activities and mood and depressive symptoms in undergraduate students by using a daily-diary method. Undergraduates were administered the Pleasant Events Schedule (Lewinsohn, Youngren, Munoz, & Zeiss, 1978) and the Japanese version of the Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule (Sato & Yasuda, 2001) for seven days and the Japanese version of the Beck Depression Inventory (Hayashi, 1988). While the BDI scores did not directly correlate with the frequencies of pleasant activities, the intra-subject mean correlation coefficients indicated that the frequencies of pleasant activities were positively related to positive mood. This result offers partial support for the behavioral model of depression.
The present study was conducted to revise the Japanese version of the Depressive States Checklist (JDSC), and to evaluate the construct validity of the revised version. Undergraduate students participated in two questionnaire studies. In Study 1, items with sufficient face validity and factorial validity representing the self-devaluative view and affective components were selected for the revised version of the J-DSC (JDSC-R). In Study 2, each factor of the J-DSC-R showed adequate construct validity because the correlation coefficients among the factors of the J-DSC-R, depressive symptoms, and depressive rumination generally supported the hypothesis. The J-DSC-R can be used to contribute to the understanding of vulnerability to depression.
This study investigated the relationships between four attachment styles and emotional suppression. College students (N=416) completed a questionnaire which assessed attachment style and emotional suppression. The results of the analyses indicated that both dismissing and avoidant people expressed their negative emotions less than secure and preoccupied people. Although avoidant people suppressed emotional expression in social situations, dismissing people did not.
This study examined the contributions of several self-regulatory functions to externalizing problem behaviors. This study focused on three self-regulatory functions: Behavioral Inhibition/Behavioral Approach System (BIS/BAS), Effortful Control (EC), and Social Self-Regulation (SSR). The study tested the hypothesis that the direct effect of SSR on problem behaviors in social settings, such as antisocial behavior, is stronger than temperament facets (BIS/BAS, EC), whereas the direct effect of temperament facets on personal problem behaviors, such as eating disorder and impulse buying, are stronger than SSR. The results partially supported our hypothesis and suggested that the role of each self-regulatory function for externalizing problem behaviors is not universal but domain specific.