本研究では，潜在的な対人不安を測定する潜在連合テスト（Implicit Association Test：IAT）を作成した。研究1では，55名の大学生および大学院生とその友人162名を対象に実験を行った。参加者の顕在的/潜在的不安と他者評定の特性不安/状態不安の関連から，対人不安IATの予測的妥当性が示された。研究2では，32名の大学生および大学院生を対象に実験を行い，シャイネスを測定する潜在連合テストと対人不安IATの相関関係を検討した。両者の相関係数はr=.46 （p<.01）であり，対人不安IATの併存的妥当性が示された。研究3では，26名の大学生および大学院生を対象に，対人不安IATを1週間の間隔を空けて実施し，対人不安IATの再検査信頼性を検討した。2回のIAT間の相関係数はr=.76 （p<.01）であり，十分な再検査信頼性が示された。一連の研究において，対人不安IATの妥当性，信頼性は十分であると判断された。
The present study developed a Japanese version of the Session Evaluation Questionnaire (J-SEQ), which was translated from the original version of the SEQ (Form 5), and examined its reliability and validity. The respondents were 103 counselors. Exploratory factor analysis (maximum likelihood estimation with varimax-rotation) and confirmatory factor analysis were used to examine the factorial structure of the J-SEQ. The results showed that the J-SEQ had substantial reliability (Cronbach's alpha) and factorial validity. The factorial structure, response tendencies, and the correlations of factors of the J-SEQ were consistent with the original SEQ (Form 5).
Retrieval of a memory can cause forgetting of other related memories, which is known as retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF). This study investigated whether individual differences in effortful control (EC), which reflects executive function ability, predict RIF. After completing a questionnaire which assessed levels of dysphoria, trait-anxiety, and EC, the participants learned category-exemplar pairs. Then, they retrieved half of the exemplars from half of the categories. Finally, a recognition test was given. The results showed that EC was positively correlated with RIF, even when dysphoria and trait-anxiety were controlled. This supports the idea that individual differences in executive function ability predict variability in RIF.
This study investigates whether awareness of the feeling process (AFP), which is an emotional regulation strategy based on focusing process, is adaptive and predicts life satisfaction. University students (N=332) completed questionnaires of AFP, reappraisal, suppression, emotional regulation as measured on the Intercultural Adjustment Potential Scale (ICAPS), and life satisfaction. A hierarchical regression analysis indicated that AFP predicts life satisfaction above and beyond what is accounted for by other adaptive emotional regulation measures.
This study examined the Big Five personality traits of abused and neglected children. The Big Five personality trait questionnaire was administered to 134 children. Maltreated elementary school children scored significantly lower than the standardized norms for Agreeableness and Conscientiousness. For Agreeableness, there were significant differences between the maltreated and comparison groups. Maltreated junior high school children scored significantly lower than the norms for Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, and Openness to Experience. In addition, a marginally significant difference between the maltreated and comparison group was detected for Agreeableness.
This study investigated what influences assumed competence in high school students. In Study 1, the association between assumed competence and interpersonal relationships was examined. The results showed that good relationships with school teachers reduced assumed competence. In Study 2, a semi-structured interview of class teachers was conducted about their relationships with the students. The results suggested that teachers' deep understanding of each student in the class was an important factor for the decline of the students' assumed competence.