The Japanese Journal of Personality
Online ISSN : 1349-6174
Print ISSN : 1348-8406
ISSN-L : 1348-8406
Volume 23 , Issue 2
Showing 1-9 articles out of 9 articles from the selected issue
Articles
  • Yukari Kusagai
    Type: Article
    2014 Volume 23 Issue 2 Pages 67-79
    Published: December 20, 2014
    Released: January 07, 2015
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Public elementary and junior high school teachers (N=455) completed a questionnaire survey about various factors that influence their thinking about taking leaves of absence and resignation. A multiple regression analysis of their responses showed the kinds of stresses that influence their thinking: 1) stress about students' behaviors and attitudes toward teachers; 2) stress involving parents or guardians of the students; 3) stress involving colleagues; and 4) stress about school affairs. Furthermore, it was shown that if students' parents and their colleagues understood them and trusted them, then teachers thought less about taking leaves of absence and resignation.
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  • Reiko Ichikawa, Satoshi Mochizuki
    Type: Article
    2014 Volume 23 Issue 2 Pages 80-90
    Published: December 20, 2014
    Released: January 07, 2015
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    A wide variety of personality disorders (PDs) are associated with low self-esteem. The present study examined the relationships among PD traits and three types of self-esteem: trait self-esteem, variability of state self-esteem, and the contingency of self-esteem. Undergraduates and graduate students (N=66) completed a questionnaire, and answered follow-up questions using a mobile phone. In the questionnaire, participants completed items about PD traits, trait self-esteem, and contingent self-esteem. In the follow up, they completed items about state self-esteem for seven days. Results indicated that trait self-esteem showed negative relationships with borderline, dependent, and avoidant PD traits, and showed a positive relationship with histrionic PD traits. There was also a positive relationship between borderline PD traits and variability of self-esteem. These results suggest that although trait self-esteem is associated with various PD traits, the variability of self-esteem is specifically associated with borderline PD traits.
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Short Reports
  • Yuko Yato, Shohei Hirose, Philippe Wallon, Claude Mesmin, Matthieu Job ...
    Type: Short Report
    2014 Volume 23 Issue 2 Pages 91-95
    Published: December 20, 2014
    Released: January 07, 2015
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    The d2-R test, developed as a general achievement test in Germany, plays a prominent role in Europe to measure individuals' concentration and attention in both research and in practice. This study developed the d2-R test for Japanese children, and examined its concurrent validity using correlations between d2-R performance and ADHD-RS scores. The results revealed that the d2-R parameters were significantly related to the inattention and hyperactivity–impulsivity scores on the ADHD-RS. The d2-R saves both time and expense for clinical psychologists as well as researchers in Japan, and is appropriate for mass screenings for ADHD.
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  • Reiko Ichikawa, Satoshi Mochizuki
    Type: Short Report
    2014 Volume 23 Issue 2 Pages 96-100
    Published: December 20, 2014
    Released: January 07, 2015
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Personality disorders (PD) include biases of cognition about the self or others in the general diagnostic criteria. Although the relationships between PDs and self-esteem have been clarified, the relationships of PD traits and evaluation affect about others have not been studied. This study examined relationships of PD traits and assumed competence in 304 undergraduates and graduate students. The results showed that individuals with the assumed type of competence had higher scores for borderline and obsessive-compulsive PD traits than other PD traits. The results suggest that maladaptive personality traits involve not only negative self-cognitions but also negative cognitions about others.
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  • Miho Nakajima, Masaki Mori, Takashi Oguchi, Yoshihiko Tanno
    Type: Short Report
    2014 Volume 23 Issue 2 Pages 101-104
    Published: December 20, 2014
    Released: January 07, 2015
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Private self-consciousness is classified into self-rumination and self-reflection according to its motivation. Self-rumination is considered maladaptive while self-reflection is considered adaptive for mental health. This study examined which kinds of interpersonal stress events affect self-rumination and self-reflection. We conducted a longitudinal study with undergraduate students. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that the level of self-rumination was increased by events which relate to an inferiority complex. The levels of self-reflection were not affected by any kind of events. This result suggests that interventions for inferiority complex could be effective for reducing the level of self-rumination.
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  • Youichi Nishimura
    Type: Short Report
    2014 Volume 23 Issue 2 Pages 105-108
    Published: December 20, 2014
    Released: January 07, 2015
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    This study investigated how factors affecting close relationships affect text-message dependency. Japanese high school students (N=169) completed a survey describing variables of close relationships (i.e., perceptions of parental controls, attachment to parents, feelings about friends, and peer standards) and self-perception regarding text-message dependency. A longitudinal panel data analysis showed that emotional reactions and relationship maintenance in relation to text-message dependency were positively affected by factors associated with friendship. Furthermore, stronger reliance on friends and feelings of security were associated with higher incidences of excessive text messaging. Relationships between text-message dependency and parental factors were more complex.
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  • Takayuki Goto, Takashi Kusumi
    Type: Short Report
    2014 Volume 23 Issue 2 Pages 109-112
    Published: December 20, 2014
    Released: January 07, 2015
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    This study examined the relationship between autonomous motivation and anticipated regret in self-control dilemmas. We conducted an Internet survey with 200 employed individuals in their twenties. Participants read scenarios of self-control dilemmas (i.e., work vs. pleasure) and indicated if they would regret their decisions one week after and ten years after their decision. The results revealed that those with low motivation and low autonomy anticipated more regret if they did not choose work over pleasure ten years later, than they anticipated one week after the decision. These results support the belief that “doing the right thing” contributes to hyperopia.
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  • Mami Numata, Hiroyuki Konno
    Type: Short Report
    2014 Volume 23 Issue 2 Pages 113-115
    Published: December 20, 2014
    Released: January 07, 2015
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    This study examined the relationship between forgiveness (for self and for others) and adult attachment styles. A total of 131 undergraduates completed a questionnaire. The results of structural equation modeling indicated that (a) “forgiveness of others” was negatively related to levels of avoidance, (b) “positive forgiveness of self” was negatively related to levels of avoidance and anxiety (c) “negative forgiveness of self” was negatively related to levels of anxiety.
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