The Japanese Journal of Personality
Online ISSN : 1349-6174
Print ISSN : 1348-8406
ISSN-L : 1348-8406
Volume 27 , Issue 1
Showing 1-14 articles out of 14 articles from the selected issue
Articles
  • Kanako Uchida
    2018 Volume 27 Issue 1 Pages 1-11
    Published: July 01, 2018
    Released: July 04, 2018
    [Advance publication] Released: March 23, 2018
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    The purposes of this study were to develop the Japanese version of the Emotional Approach Coping Scales (EAC) and examine the relationship between dispositional emotion-focused coping and daily mood. In study 1, participants completed the EAC twice, five weeks apart. Results showed that the EAC consisted of two subscales, Emotional Processing (EP) and Emotional Expression (EE), both of which had high reliability and validity. In study 2, participants completed a battery of questionnaires containing the EAC and Profile of Mood States (POMS).

    Hierarchical multiple regression analyses showed that EE was positively associated with “anger-hostility” in men and women, and with “fatigue” in men. Meanwhile, EP was positively associated with “vigor” in men and women, and negatively associated with “fatigue” in men. Moreover, the EE×EP interaction was significant for Fatigue in women.

    Limitations of utilizing this scale are discussed, along with promising research in the future.

    Download PDF (419K)
  • Akio Matsumoto
    2018 Volume 27 Issue 1 Pages 12-20
    Published: July 01, 2018
    Released: July 04, 2018
    [Advance publication] Released: March 23, 2018
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    The present study examined the associations between experiential avoidance and stress coping, and the role of experiential avoidance in predicting psychological stress responses. Undergraduates (N=357, 119 men) completed the Japanese version of the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire (AAQ-J), Tri-Axial Coping Scale-24 (TAC-24), and Stress Response Scale-18 (SRS-18). Exploratory factor analysis was conducted by combining TAC-24 and AAQ-J items. From the results, 2 independent factors related to experiential avoidance and 7 independent factors related to stress coping behaviors were extracted. Moreover, hierarchical multiple regression analysis was conducted by entering TAC-24 scores in Step 1 and AAQ-J scores in Step 2 with SRS-18 scores as the dependent variable. Results indicated that the AAQ-J scores predicted scores on each SRS-18 subscale. These results suggest that the concept of experiential avoidance is different from that of stress coping and that experiential avoidance is related to the psychological stress responses.

    Download PDF (363K)
  • Haruka Shimizu, Ken'ichiro Nakashima
    2018 Volume 27 Issue 1 Pages 21-30
    Published: July 01, 2018
    Released: July 04, 2018
    [Advance publication] Released: April 05, 2018
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Previous studies have indicated that defensive pessimists (DPs) show the same high performance as strategic optimists (SOs), though they exhibit lower self-esteem and higher anxiety than SOs. In general, high anxiety inhibits subsequent performance. It is not clear why DPs are able to perform well on tasks despite their low self-esteem and high anxiety. In the two studies conducted here, we focused on the implicit self-esteem of DPs as well as their explicit self-esteem. In Study 1, differences in explicit self-esteem among four types of cognitive strategies (DP, SO, RP, UO) were investigated. In Study 2, differences in implicit self-esteem were examined. Results showed that DPs had the same high implicit self-esteem as SOs, although they reported lower explicit self-esteem.

    Download PDF (468K)
  • Ikuo Sawayama, Motoko Miyake
    2018 Volume 27 Issue 1 Pages 31-41
    Published: July 01, 2018
    Released: July 04, 2018
    [Advance publication] Released: April 05, 2018
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    This study investigates whether monologue-like tweets are monologues. A questionnaire targeting undergraduate students was conducted three times (in December 2012 (n=240), February–April 2015 (n=92), and January 2016 (n=134) ). As a result, the frequency of monologue-like tweets was related to private speech tendency in the sample from 2012 and social speech tendency in the sample from 2016. Furthermore, with every year, the number of people who answered “taking notes” as a substitute for monologue-like tweets decreased, while that of persons answering “telling others” increased. These results suggest that the role of monologue-like tweets has changed from “private speech” to “social speech.”

    Download PDF (384K)
  • Tsukasa Murakami, Takafumi Morimoto, Kaoru Nishiyama, Nozomu Ikeda
    2018 Volume 27 Issue 1 Pages 42-52
    Published: July 01, 2018
    Released: July 04, 2018
    [Advance publication] Released: May 18, 2018
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    This study investigated the factors influencing the three dimensions of persecutory ideation, frequency, conviction, and distress, in 48 patients with schizophrenia. Causal attribution, anxiety, and depression were assumed to influence persecutory ideation. Causal attribution was found to comprise the three dimensions of internality, stability, and globality. Additionally, the dimension of internality was classified into internal circumstances, external circumstances, and external people. The results of a hierarchical multiple regression analysis indicated that depression and globality influenced the frequency. Similarly, depression, and the internality (external-person) and globality dimensions influenced conviction. Depression and anxiety also influenced distress. These results suggest that the three dimensions of persecutory ideation were influenced by different factors.

    Download PDF (402K)
  • Naoya Tabata, Hirotsune Sato
    2018 Volume 27 Issue 1 Pages 53-63
    Published: July 01, 2018
    Released: July 04, 2018
    [Advance publication] Released: May 18, 2018
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Information privacy is known to negatively correlate to disclosure of personal information over the Internet to the public. This study investigated the relationship between information privacy and the disclosure of personal information over the Internet to strangers by measuring disclosure behavior in the real-world situation of manipulating the expectancy of meeting face-to-face with a stranger. Japanese undergraduates were asked to chat on the Internet with an unknown undergraduate. Participants in the expectancy group were informed that they were scheduled to meet face-to-face with their partner several days later, whereas participants in the no expectancy group were not so informed. Before chatting, participants were asked to create a profile to show their partner. The results indicated that in the no expectancy group, privacy regarding identifiable information (e.g., a participant's real name) correlated negatively with the degree of expressing information about their inner selves in their profile. However, information privacy did not correlate with the disclosure of personal information in the expectancy group, although motivation for chatting correlated positively with the number of participants who revealed their information and the degree of expression about their inner self in their profile.

    Download PDF (430K)
  • Keisuke Okubo
    2018 Volume 27 Issue 1 Pages 64-72
    Published: July 01, 2018
    Released: July 04, 2018
    [Advance publication] Released: May 18, 2018
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    The purpose of this study is to examine mutual influences on self-improvement in romantic relationships. On the basis of attachment theory, for participants in romantic relationships, we assessed individuals' attachment and caregiving tendencies and conducted an analysis based on the Actor Partner Interdependence Model (APIM). The results indicated an actor-effect of attachment avoidance on individuals' own self-improvement and some partner-effects on their attachment and caregiving. In addition, the results indicated an interaction effect between women's attachment avoidance and men's caregiving hyperactivation to women's self-improvement. Therefore, within romantic relationships, it can be concluded that self-improvement is mutually influenced by attachment and caregiving tendencies.

    Download PDF (399K)
Short Reports
feedback
Top