This paper compared the teamwork competency of university students when graduating. Participants and non-participants in a skills training conducted at university to develop teamwork competency (Tabata, 2016) took part in this study. They completed self-report scales assessing general social skills, teamwork competency, communication, team orientation, back-up, monitoring, and leadership, 20 months after completing the training. Results indicated that compared to non-participants, participants in the skills training possessed higher social skills scores and many sub-elements of teamwork competency when graduating.
The purpose of the study was to focus on the prejudice toward people receiving welfare and to identify the psychological factors related to such prejudice. Participants included 193 university students (104 male and 89 female, M = 19.5 years). Links among the participants’ self-esteem, nationalism, perspective taking, and prejudice toward people receiving welfare were examined. Multiple regression analysis revealed that prejudice was positively related to nationalism and negatively related to perspective taking. Implications for mitigating criticism toward people receiving welfare are discussed.
This study examined the frequencies and effects of three kinds of interpersonal stress coping (positive relationship-oriented, negative relationship-oriented, and postponed-solution coping) with each of the three types of interpersonal stressors in friendships (interpersonal conflict, interpersonal blunders, and interpersonal friction) on mental health and subjective well-being. Participants were 951 college students. Positive relationship-oriented coping was used most frequently in interpersonal blunders; negative relationship-oriented coping was used most often in interpersonal conflict; and postponed-solution coping was used least frequently in interpersonal blunders. The associations between each type of interpersonal stress coping and each dependent variable (depression, loneliness, and relationship satisfaction) were almost constant across the three interpersonal stressors.
This research developed a Japanese version of the Implicit Theory of Willpower for Strenuous Mental Activities Scale (ITW-M) using data from two questionnaires completed by undergraduates. Study 1 (N=2,493) demonstrated a factor structure similar to the original scale and partial measurement invariance across gender. Furthermore, implicit theories of willpower were significantly associated with self-control and life satisfaction, indicating the validity of this scale. Study 2 (N=1,177) tested whether self-control demands moderated the effects of implicit theories of willpower on grades. The results showed that limited theories were associated with lower GPAs only among students taking heavy course loads, which suggests successful conceptual replications.
This study aimed to investigate whether sadism is related to high competitive performance and whether this relationship is mediated by gamesmanship. Responses to sadism and gamesmanship scales of 339 university students majoring in physical education were analyzed. Results showed that sadism is significantly related to high competitive performance in relative competitions, and that this relationship is mediated by gamesmanship. Our findings suggest that sadism has positive aspects, despite its negative ones. This study contributes to the development of an accurate understanding of sadism.
This study aimed to investigate the relationships of the antisocial personality traits called the Dark Triad, which includes Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy, with life skills including the ability to adapt to society (i.e., decision-making, interpersonal relationships, effective communication, and coping with emotions). A total of 272 university students completed the Japanese version of the Short Dark Triad and Life Skills Scale for Adolescents and Adults. Multivariate multiple regression analysis showed that Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy related to life skills in different ways. These results support the findings of previous studies suggesting the link between the Dark Triad and social adjustment.
The aim of the current study was to investigate the validity of the Japanese version of the SOSS. We translated the 58 SOSS items into Japanese, after receiving permission from the creator. A total of 1909 individuals from the general public, who were not suicide bereaved, responded to the Japanese version of the SOSS through an internet survey. The factor structure observed was similar to prior research. Cronbach’s α for the three factors demonstrated appropriate internal consistency. The Japanese version of the SOSS was confirmed through factor analysis to be valid and reliable.