This study examined the relationships between teachers’ learning motivation for subject instructions, strategies, and teaching skills. A questionnaire survey was conducted among teachers who had participated in teacher’s license renewal seminar (N=303). A path analysis revealed that teachers’ “intrinsic motivation,” “orientation toward children,” and “skill orientation” were positively associated with teaching skills, and these relations were mediated by a “planning and reflection” strategy. Additionally, an “ask colleagues” strategy mediated the relation between “orientation toward children” and “teaching skills.” These findings demonstrate that other-oriented motivation such as “orientation toward children” is very important for teachers.
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between littering behavior and Dark Triad personality traits (Machiavellianism, narcissism, psychopathy). Forty-one college students (average age=19.83 years, SD=1.11; 9 males, 32 females) were assigned randomly into either a clean or a dirty laboratory condition, and participated in an experiment to assess their littering behavior. Results of Bayesian logistic regression analysis that predicted the littering index, indicated that cumulative probabilities that the odds ratio for narcissism and psychopathy exceed 1 in posterior distribution under dirty condition were 84% and 87%, respectively. The results of the present study showed that the Dark Triad personality traits may be related to littering behaviors, while previous studies focused on manipulations of condition.
The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine the relationship between happiness, satisfaction, and the psychological effects of consuming “shikohin” at social events on psychological health. Five hundred and thirty-two participants (270 men, 262 women; mean age=44.91 years, SD=13.81 years) from a community sample in Tokyo, Kanagawa, Saitama, and Chiba completed a set of questionnaires and the data were analyzed. The results of partial correlation analyses showed that when people experienced positive and negative social life events, the psychological effects of consuming “shikohin” showed a weak but positive correlation with happiness and satisfaction.
This study aimed to reinvestigate age differences in resilience in a large cross-sectional Japanese sample (N=18,843; 9,657 men, 9,156 women; meanage=47.74 years, SDage=14.89, rangeage=15–99 years). The data were obtained from a large cross-sectional study by NTT DATA Institute of Management Consulting, Inc. The results of hierarchical multiple regression indicated that age and squared term of age were significantly positively associated with resilience. These results reconfirm that resilience in Japanese individuals increases with age, corroborating the findings of previous studies.