The purpose of this study is to develop the General Group Identification Tendency (GGIT) scale that measures individual tendency to identify with ingroups regardless of the type of group and examine its reliability and validity. Results of questionnaire surveys that were conducted with university students showed sufficient internal consistency and validity, which was estimated in terms of the relationship with contextualism, degree of identification with the university, collective self-esteem, and allocentric tendency. These results indicated that the GGIT scale is valid.
This study aimed to investigate differences in the common factor of community consciousness between Japan and Korea. The scale included four subscales: “solidarity,” “self-determination,” “attachment,” and “dependency on others.” Web surveys were conducted in 669 adults (330 Japanese, 339 Koreans). Results of the survey showed that configural invariance was confirmed only for “self-determination” and its latent mean was higher in Korean participants. In sum, the results suggest that Japan and Korea have similarities and differences regarding community consciousness, which may be attributed to various factors such as social mobility and attitudes toward civil rights.
Previous research has suggested that chronic thought suppression exacerbates rumination. We examined the moderating effect of depression on the relationship between thought suppression and rumination, and found that chronic thought suppression predicted brooding, which is a maladaptive rumination style. Moreover, the level of depression moderated this relationship, such that the severer the depression, the stronger was the association between chronic thought suppression and brooding. In contrast, depression did not moderate the association between chronic thought suppression and reflection, which is a less maladaptive rumination style. Future directions for research on the relationship between thought suppression and rumination are discussed.
This study investigated the relationship between the evaluating usefulness strategies for a specific subject and the usefulness value for another subject. University students (n=76) participated in a questionnaire survey. The results showed that when participants evaluated usefulness of the knowledge gained from an educational psychology class, they felt not only the utility value of educational psychology but also of the near subject which was similar to educational psychology. On the other hand, participants did not feel the utility value of a subject which was distantly related to educational psychology. This study implied that the evaluating usefulness strategies of a specific subject transfers to another closely related subject.
This study examined stay-or-leave decisions in Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) relationships by gender based on the investment model. Using the comprehensive IPV scale to measure victim experiences, we analyzed 202 men and 265 women who had been victimized at least once. Results showed that psychological abuse increased investment and, subsequently, commitment but reduced the likelihood of leave decisions in women, similar to findings of previous studies. The result was the opposite in men, however. Furthermore, physical abuse increased relationship satisfaction and investment, while sexual abuse reduced the likelihood of leave decisions in men. Hence, gender differences were revealed in how IPV victimization influences stay-or-leave decisions.
The present study aimed to examine the reliability and construct validity of the “Leipzig Short Scale of Sense of Coherence” (SOC-L9) in a Japanese sample, using item analysis based on the Rasch measurement model, confirmatory factor analysis, and longitudinal correlation analysis. According to the item fit statistics, nine items and the total score were confirmed to fit the model assuming the one latent factor. Furthermore, the SOC-L9 scores significantly correlated with the original 29-item version of the SOC-L9. The factor analysis showed that, similar to the previous study, the same model which assumed covariance between errors of some items, was suitable. These results indicate that SOC-L9 had high reliability and validity.