This study investigated the effect of work-family conflict of single mothers on family image and attitude of their adolescent children towards marriage. Participants were 219 pairs of mothers and their adolescent children, and 103 pairs of those were single-mother families. They completed the questionnaire about work-family conflict of mothers and children's family image and hopes about getting married. Structural equation modeling analysis showed that work-family conflict was negatively associated with family image and hopes about getting married among adolescent children in single-mother families. The formation of families of children from single-parent families was discussed.
This study examined whether mastery-oriented learners have proper perception of the effectiveness of motivational regulation strategies. Self-reported data on achievement goals and motivational regulation strategies were obtained from 80 university students. First, we confirmed that learners' misperception of effectiveness was an obstacle to proper use of motivational regulation strategies. Thereafter, the results showed that mastery goal orientation was positively related to proper perception of the effectiveness of motivational regulation strategies. These results helped us understand why mastery-oriented learners can use effective motivational regulation strategies.
We examined the relationships between obsessive-compulsive tendencies and reality monitoring error experiences in everyday life in a nonclinical sample. A total of 230 students of a professional training college and a university answered two questionnaires: the Reality-Monitoring Error Experience Questionnaire (RMEEQ) and the Japanese version of the Maudsley Obsessional-Compulsive Inventory. Partial correlation analysis showed that the doubting score was significantly positively correlated with the RMEEQ score when the checking and cleaning scores were controlled. From this result, we inferred that frequent reality monitoring error experiences could induce doubting related to one's own reality monitoring and that doubting could develop into compulsive behavior.
The purpose of this study was to examine the level of sense of coherence (SOC) and its factors in middle aged-women according to their age group: young-middle women (45–54) and old-middle women (55–64). The participants were middle-aged women who live in Tokyo (N=328). Similar to the national average, the old middle-aged women had a significantly higher SOC score than the young middle-aged women. As the result of multiple regression analysis, through middle-aged women “generativity” and “circumstances” were related to SOC. Thus, “the number of opportunities for intergenerational” in the young-middle and “having job or not” in the old-middle women were related to SOC.
The present study aimed to investigate the discriminant predictability of the sense of coherence and the Big Five personality traits based on mental health. A correlation analysis indicated a significant correlation between the sense of coherence and Big Five personality traits. Moreover, hierarchical multiple regression analysis indicated that the sense of coherence is associated with mental health, even after controlling for the influence of the Big Five personality traits. The results of the present study suggest that consideration of the relation between the sense of coherence and mental health, in isolation from the Big Five personality traits, is worthwhile.
The Humor Styles Questionnaire (HSQ: Martin et al., 2003) is a self-report measure to evaluate individual differences in the use of humor styles. The present study investigated the reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the HSQ (HSQ-J: Yoshida, 2012). The results of confirmatory factor analysis and internal consistency demonstrated adequate fit for a four-factor structure with reliability for each factor. Validity assessment of the HSQ-J indicated that the four humor styles related significantly as predicted to measures of self-esteem, aggression, social skills, and Japanese-derived humor scales. Based on the results, additional cultural considerations were discussed.