The purpose of this study is to build the new organizational theory in ball games of team sports. For this aim, the authors focused on the training principle of ecological training and its philosophical foundation.
The philosophical foundation of ecological training is ecological dynamics, and this is being integrated ecological psychology and dynamical system. We revealed theoretical principles （A, the attunement to affordances; B, the exploration of adaptive movement variability in meta-stability; C, the exploitation of neurobiological degeneracy）, methodological principles （A’, individual constraints; B’, environmental constraints; C’, task constraints） and general principles （A”, education of attention; B”, education of calibration; C”, education of intention） from this philosophical foundation. The structure of these （theoretical, methodological and general） principles is fractal （theoretical ⇒ methodological ⇒ general） and they are interacting, as the superstructure is including the understructure.
A training is needed to be designed as aggregation of competitive environment, so environments of sports are unpredictable and have noise. Players are capable to perform the creative and dynamic play that emerge generation and decay （i.e., self-organization and dissipation）, thorough interaction between them and environments. We defined its play as frail emergence.
The issue in the future is to propose the concrete training of ecological training and consider the organizational theory based on ecological dynamics.
In this study, we focus on God and human beings during life and death in the event of a disaster, and consider their mentality, soul, and physicality.
The disaster area is a space-time where both life and death exist.
In other words, it is a chaotic space-time where the raging gods, the spirits of the dead, and the souls of the victims who are likely to float are chaotic. The festival is a device that calms, inspires, and restores this space. At the festival, God possesses and dancers who perform requiescats. In a state of unity between God and man, it calms the raging god （earth spirit）, mourns the souls of the dead, calms the souls of the victims, and inspires them. In other words, the rituals of the multi-layered soul will revitalize the affected areas and the people of the victims.
That is why, after a disaster, the revival of the festival is desired above all in the disaster area.
The purpose of this study is to clarify the Relationships with others in physical education. By organizing previous studies on relationships with others in physical education, three frameworks have been created. The three frameworks are human relationships, relationships through skills, and relationships that create meaning and value. The data was obtained from 24 elementary school fifth graders （10 boys, 14 girls） using a questionnaire. The children were asked to remember the conversations and behaviour in physical education their class. The data was analyzed using SCAT to obtain 21 concepts. Nine of these concepts fit into three of the existing frameworks. However, the remaining 12 concepts that did not fit into the three existing frameworks were categorized into 2 categories and 7 subcategories. When considering these other concepts, we found that there were new relationship type with others in physical education that was driven by “Physical relationship.” In “Direct physical faced relationship,” the students physically felt the “otherness”, “sense of unity with others” and “existence of others,” that was not obtained by verbal communication. The relationships with others, which are viewed from the three frameworks are all the result of “Direct physical faced relationship.”
The recent outbreak of the new coronavirus （COVID-19）, which has been raging around the world, has forced major changes in the world of sports, both professional and amateur Club. Activities at universities are not only a way to improve performance, but also a “place of learning” that fosters diversity among students, and a place to learn the qualities necessary to be a member of society. The recent changes in the environment around us have had a tremendous impact on the physical and mental health of students. In this study, we investigated the impact of the change in the environment of club activities caused by the Corona disaster on the students of the athletic department of the University of O in terms of their employment orientation. From the results of the survey, a significant difference was found between the continuation group and the other groups, indicating that the impact on their lives was more significant for athletic students who had a strong desire to continue competing after employment. Therefore, it was necessary to make efforts to understand the mental status of each individual in the field of instruction, and to give careful instruction.