This study based on the Nepalese and Cambodian context investigates the necessity of integration of education system to industrial activities for improving socio-economic conditions in the least developed countries. Infrastructure and human resource development environment is very dismal in Nepal and Cambodia. The quality of human resources in infrastructure development is not compatible with the needs of the construction industry. Scanty fund and inappropriate education system in Nepal and Cambodia are investigated. Industrial needs oriented universities collaboration, and center of excellence and research approaches are discussed. Integrated construction management and civil engineering education to enhance the quality of human capital in the construction industry has been proposed.
This paper based on the Nepalese and Cambodian construction environment discusses some of the factors which affect the efficiency in project delivery system in the least developed countries. Only several infrastructure development projects were completed within the planned resources in the traditional project delivery system. In addition to the financial problem, lack of bridging the design and construction, inadequate construction management knowledge and skills in the construction engineers, and lack of appropriate human resource development system are the main reasons for poor performance of the Nepalese and Cambodian construction industry. Alternative project delivery systems are discussed and incorporation of the construction management system to improve the situation is proposed.
China has been experiencing rapid transitions since economic reforms in 1978, the results of the reform have shown wide regional disparity. As China looks to sustain the past success of economic growth and poverty reduction in 21st century, it needs to make major changes in its development strategy in order to fulfill its national development targets. This paper studies the economic development situation of eastern, central, western regions in China, and the functions of Chinese universities, which include education, research and contribution to the society. A new Chinese innovation system has been emerging in terms of university-run enterprise. In recent years, science parks, incubators, and high-tech development zones have been provided with strong incentives. The commitment of Chinese government to further introduce a market economy has been elaborated with a focus on the relations between university and industry. The operation mechanism of Chinese university-run enterprise has special characteristics, which are government support, relying on university, market mechanism, and industry movement. As human society enters the knowledge and information age, education is expected to play an increasingly important role and it gives driving force to regional economic development of China by using of the functions of university.