Since late 1980s, the number of Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) type infrastructure projects that have been executed in Asia counts approximately 150. To meet the Asia's huge demand in infrastructure development and management, the unique BOT method will be implemented increasingly in the upcoming 21st century. The aim of this paper is to investigate the basic structure and explore the characteristics of the risks involved in the BOT projects located in Asian developing countries. Risks are categorized into nine different groups. Appropriate solutions and methods to reduce and manage each risk are also discussed. Five actual power projects from Asian developing countries are selected for a comparative study.
Super-projects are built by investing large amounts of money, time and manpower. These irreversible projects have a profound impact on the market price and are very difficult to manage because the definition of objectives by decision makers at each level of the super-project is so different. In this paper, the author tries to develop an optimization model which is based on cost-benefit-analysis and risk-analysis for super-project decision makers on procurement management with due consideration of the hierarchical organization of the construction industry.
After over 4 decades of development, nuclear power is currently at a crossroads. Different countries adopt different policies on nuclear power. A critical factor in deciding the future of nuclear power is nuclear regulations in which main parts is licensing and inspection because they are closely related to both nuclear safety and nuclear competitiveness. This paper tries to analyze general advantages and disadvantages of different licensing and inspections in three countries, namely USA, Japan and France through case studies. The paper is composed of six parts: background, case description, common features, different features, general analysis of advantages and disadvantages and conclusion.