We surveyed the number and the contents of papers published in the Japanese Journal of Psychonomic Society, as well as the society's annual meetings, from 1982 to 2012. Over the course of these 30 years, we found that papers on perception increased in the first decade, followed by an increase in cognitive research, which reflected the shift of the members. Although the time of year and format of the annual meetings were not fixed, a review of the roster showed that greater participation was seen when the meetings were held in fall or winter and/or if they were joint meetings with other societies. The results would contribute to a better management of the society.
This study explored the retrospective and current memory implications of older Japanese adults' experiences of visiting World Expositions, concerning their own personal implications and significance of the specific long-term memories of these kinds of social events. Two independent data sets of older Japanese visitors' long-term memories of two different Japanese World Expositions (Osaka 1970 and Aichi 2005), based on responses to specific relating items in the Memory Characteristics Questionnaire (MCQ) instrument, were analyzed. The visiting experiences were encountered at two very different stages of the participants' lives: Visiting Expo 1970 was encountered while they were young adults and Expo 2005 while they were at the life stage of retirees. The study revealed a relationship between retrospective and current memory implications, and evidence that personal memories of these specific social events with a long retention interval had greater implications than those memories with a short interval.
Previously, Yarimizu and Kawahara (2014) found that observers could judge the attractiveness of multiple human faces as a whole, but it was unclear whether the result was specific to human faces. The present study investigated this point by using non-face objects. Participants were briefly (1.5 s) presented with two frames, each depicting four pairs of shoes, and were required to choose the most attractive one. Although they failed to make a judgment within this time frame, they gave a definitive response when the exposure time was extended to 4.0 s. This finding confirmed that they were able to improve their judgment when sufficient time was given and judgment for attractiveness of multiple objects as a whole was not specific to human faces.
Virtual-reality research aims to create substantially identical percepts and experiences of the real world for human users by presenting artificial sensory inputs. I describe technical topics in recent virtual reality studies as of 2014, and especially focused on physically and psychologically critical components of reality, various modality-specific displays and apparatus, position and action sensors, and development software. While these technologies are progressing on going, relatively standard and general technology and products are selected in the paper. Perceptual psychology and psychonomic sciences give an evolution to the virtual-reality research, and virtual reality studies promote investigation of reality in perceptual psychology and psychonomic sciences.
This short note is a report on the recent foundation of “the Science of Mental Time”: a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research on Innovative Areas, started in 2013. This interdisciplinary research team consists of 5-year Programmed Researches titled “Present”, “Past”, “Future”, “Pathological Conditions”, “Linguistics and Philosophy”, and “Comparative Ethology”, as well as many 2-year Proposed Researches. The main goals of this research team is to disentangle intricate questions about time representations in the mind, to propose suggestions for future approaches in applied psychology, and to clarify phylogeny and ontogeny of mental time. For these purposes, investigators from diverse disciplines are vigorously working together through semiannual meetings, occasional symposia, and collaborative research projects.