基礎心理学研究
Online ISSN : 2188-7977
Print ISSN : 0287-7651
検索
OR
閲覧
検索
34 巻 , 2 号
選択された号の論文の13件中1~13を表示しています
    • |<
    • <
    • 1
    • >
    • >|
原著論文
  • 森井 康幸, 漁田 俊子, 漁田 武雄
    34 巻 (2015) 2 号 p. 229-238
    公開日: 2016/05/13
    ジャーナル フリー
    Two experiments investigated the effects of within- and between-participants contextual manipulations and those of relating to-be-remembered words and their contexts on video context-dependent effects in free recall. In Experiment 1, video contexts were manipulated within participants. Forty-eight undergraduates intentionally studied 28 unrelated words superimposed over a 5-s video context one-by-one on a computer screen. The words and 28 video contexts were randomly paired across participants. Half of the undergraduates were instructed to relate each word and its video context, and the other half were not. In Experiment 2, video contexts were manipulated between participants. Forty undergraduates intentionally studied unrelated 20 words presented as in Experiment 1 without relating words to contexts. Both the within- and between-participants manipulations produced significant context-dependent effects. Relating words and contexts produced greater effects than not relating them, but not relating condition could produce significant context-dependent effects. Further analyses of the data indicate that the video context-dependent effects reflect the one-to-one associations between respective words and their contexts. The implications of the findings were discussed.
    抄録全体を表示
  • 稲田 祐奈, 山口 真美, 金沢 創
    34 巻 (2015) 2 号 p. 239-245
    公開日: 2016/05/13
    ジャーナル フリー
    In this study, we investigated the influence of visual information on the food preference of toddlers. Forty 2- to 3-year-old toddlers participated in two tasks: a naming task and a preference task. We prepared photographs of vegetables and fruits and then made line drawings of the photographs. We selected high and low familiarity foods based on wholesale quantity orders for the last six years. At first, we presented the high and low familiarity food images side by side. Participants were asked to choose a favorite one and say the name of the food. Results showed that the effect of the naming task on preference was different between vegetables and fruits. The visual information of color and texture might be important factors for a food's visual preference.
    抄録全体を表示
研究ノート
  • 堀 麻佑子, 沼田 恵太郎, 中島 定彦, 嶋﨑 恒雄
    34 巻 (2015) 2 号 p. 246-252
    公開日: 2016/05/13
    ジャーナル フリー
    People prefer unambiguity to ambiguity in decision making under ambiguity. This phenomenon, known as “ambiguity aversion,” is thought to be influenced by environmental and psychological factors. The present research demonstrated the effects of choice opportunity (the availability of choice of cards), competition (the presence vs. absence of a competitor), and stimulus familiarity (familiar playing cards vs. unfamiliar tarot cards) on choice of ambiguity. Participants preferred the ambiguous deck of cards when they were allowed to choose playing cards. In the tarot-card task, however, they did not show a preference for the ambiguous deck even if they could choose the cards by themselves. The competition factor had no effect on the participants' choice. These findings indicate that choice opportunity and stimulus familiarity affect decision making under ambiguity.
    抄録全体を表示
日本基礎心理学会 30周年記念企画
講演論文
報告
書評
紹介
大会発表要旨
訂正
    • |<
    • <
    • 1
    • >
    • >|
feedback
Top