Five methods of γ-ray self-absorption correction for bulk sample were investigated. It was clarified that there is no significant difference in quality among four methods, except for one method, while a few percents of discrepancy were observed in case of larger value of attenuation coefficient than 0.1 cm-1. One of those methods is recommended for practical γ-ray spectrometry on account of the simple calculation method and no experimental data needed. Self-absorption for low energy γ-rays with high attenuation coefficient was a little dependent on Ge crystal diameter.
The radioprotective effects of sodium tungstate on gamma-ray (9.8 Gy) induced decreases in survival rate, and hematocrit value in male and female mice were examined. Daily ingestion of 0.02% sodium tungstate solution (33-36 mg/kg body weight/day) as drinking water from 7 days before and up to 60 days after irradiation significantly mitigated the decrease in hematocrit value, especially at 21 days after irradiation. The increase in survival rate was observed in male and female mice administered sodium tungstate solution. As for its radioprotective effects, no significant sex differences were observed.