Determination procedure for concentration of226Ra and228Ra in seawaters was developed. The226Ra in seawaters was collected in-situ on Mn-impregnated acrylic fiber which was packed into a plastic column and was determined by y-ray spectrometry in the laboratory. Concentration of228Ra which is low in seawaters was obtained by the226Ra concentration and the228Ra/226Ra activity ratio observed simultaneously with the Mn-impregnated acrylic fiber by placing in the seawater for a few days at the identical sampling point for226Ra.
Using electron spin resonance (ESR) spectrometry, we revealed the presence of radical species in γ ray irradiated ginseng and developed a quantitative detection method of dose levels. The ESR spectrum of ginseng consisted of a sharp and strong singlet signal at g=1.992 due to an organic free radical, hyperfine signals of Mn2+ion and a singlet from Fe3+ion. Upon γ ray irradiation, the signal intensity of organic free radical was increased. Also, a new ESR signal was detected in the vicinity of g=2.0 region. After irradiation, new four radical species were identified in the irradiated ginseng. A linear relationship was found between the ESR intensity and the irradiation dosage of ginseng. Using the nonlinear least squares method, the unknown dosage of the ginseng sample was estimated as 4 kGy by the extrapolated value.
We described the relationship between the radon concentration in household water and the airborne radon concentration for houses at Shikaka area in Fukuoka Prefecture. The radon concentration in household water ranged from 36 to 130 Bq/L. Of these, the arithmetic mean of radon concentration of tap water from a small scale public water supply was 43 Bq/L, that of private well water was 100 Bq/L. For all samples, radon concentrations were between the MCL and the AMCL (USEPA proposed regulation now) . Indoor radon concentrations ranged from 4.5 to 46 Bq/m3 (arithmetic mean : 14 Bq/m3), were not found to exceed of action guideline of USEPA. While outdoor radon concentrations ranged from 2 to 7.5 Bq/m3 (arithmetic mean : 4 Bq/m3) . The radon concentration in the atmosphere was not so different from the nationwide mean concentration in Japan. The incremental airborne radon concentration volatiled from the water was estimated to be from 3.6 to 13 Bq/m3. Although radon concentration in bathrooms seemed to be elevated by water use, there was little influence to other rooms. The annual effective dose equivalent to the population for radon was calculated with the dose conversion factor from the UNSCEAR 2000 report. It was estimated to be 0.44 mSv/y. It could be concluded that the average radon levels in the household water at Shikaka area do not contribute to any additional radiological risk to the population.
We assessed usefulness of commercially available sealed22Na positron sources for positron annihilation lifetime measurements. Three sources with different nominal activities below 1.85 MBq were adopted for measuring positron annihilation lifetimes in silicon and annealed copper. It was found that all the sources have long lifetime components over 1 ns with different relative intensities of several percents. The result suggests that care should be taken in the analysis of the positron annihilation lifetime data obtained with these sources.