In this report, we review the background and results of a study on the structure of modern farming household economy by Dr. Sumiko Abe, and explore the methodology of rural life research. The features of Dr. Abe's research are the following two points. The first point is that Dr. Abe worked closely with life improvement extension workers to carry out a survey on a study of modern farming household economy. The issue arising from this feature is that it is important that research is linked to practice. The second point is that research was limited to full-time farmers. The issue arising from this feature is that it is necessary to focus not only on full-time farmers but also on other farmers.
This paper describes extension service for home life improvement and rural women's research by Dr. Tomoko ICHIDA, Vice-president of Rural Life Society of Japan, and shows the significance of research and research issues to be considered in the future. Dr. Ichida's research was divided into three categories: 1) extension service for home life improvement, 2) development and extension service for home life improvement to rural women's policy, 3) development and succession from home life improvement group to rural women's entrepreneurship. Dr. Ichida's series of studies are suggestive in tackling research on rural women's policies.
This study focuses on the women in the period of childcare. In this research, we will examine the possibility that agricultural work experience promotes agricultural employment of child-rearing women. The purpose of young mothers participating in agricultural work experience is refreshment, interaction with the participants, and working away from children temporarily. It is not for farm work. However, experiences made young mothers aware of employment in agriculture and led to employment in part time. When a young mother participates, it would be necessary to be able to participate flexibly in a short time with baby-sitting. In order to carry out with such method, it is effective that farmers and women's support organizations cooperate to encourage young mothers' experience participation.