When 5, 237 local participation type functional training classroom participants in the Osaka City in 2000 fiscal year continued the functional training, the number of people who would need nursing in five years in the future is presumed to be 585 people. If local participation type functional training project is not executed, the number of people who would need nursing from the same 5, 237 people in five years in the future is presumed to be 974 people. The difference of nursing insurance supply money calculated from differences of the number of people who need nursing is 1, 920million-2, 170million yen. Full costs including the labor cost for local participation type functional training project are calculated as 1, 500million yen in five years. Therefore, pure benefit in which full costs are subtracted from the difference of nursing insurance supply money is presumed to be 413million-665million yen. We think that the result of this cost benefit analysis becomes a big prop to execute local participation type functional training project positively developing, and continuously in the future.
The role of dietary minerals have several important effects on the development and/or prevention of life style diseases. In order to evaluate minerals in take-out lunches and fast foods typical in Japan, sodium, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, zinc and copper in diet samples were determined by ICP method. Each analyzed value was compared to that of the goal values that were one third of Recommended Dietary Allowances, 6th ed., Japan. Diet samples were separated into seven groups based on main dishes; A: raw, grilled or boiled fish, B: fried fish, C: meats, D: noodles and pasta, E: fast foods, which were divided into two types, E-P: pizzas and E-H: hamburger sets, F: others. Each average salt value calculated from sodium contents in A, B, C and F groups, which were rice-based diets, were higher than that of the goal value (3.3g/diet) and more than sixty percent of samples in these groups had excess salt content. On the other hand, both types of E group showed desirable values. Whereas most groups had over-value of the average sodium/potassium ratio, only E-H group showed a suitable level, which contributed low sodium and relatively high potassium content. In calcium content, the E-P group was the only one to satisfy the goal value (200mg/diet), leading the desirable ratio of calcium/phosphorus. Other minerals, magnesium, iron, zinc and copper were short in all groups on average. These results indicate that more attention should be paid to mineral intake in take-out lunches, especially concerning excess salt and the lack of other minerals.