人間環境学研究
Online ISSN : 1883-7611
Print ISSN : 1348-5253
ISSN-L : 1348-5253
2 巻 , 2 号
選択された号の論文の8件中1~8を表示しています
論文
  • 沈 勤
    2004 年 2 巻 2 号 p. 2_1-2_8
    発行日: 2004年
    公開日: 2009/06/22
    ジャーナル フリー
    本研究は、新古典派の経済成長モデルによって、1990年から2001年まで中国の情報通信技術(IT)資本のGDP成長に対する寄与を測定し、国際比較研究の視点から中国のIT発展を実証的に研究した。1990年代に入って、GDPの高成長とともに、中国のIT投資が急速に伸びてきた。しかし、アメリカ、日本などの工業先進国と比べて、2001年まで中国IT資本投資の経済効果は大きくなかった。1990年から2001年にかけて、アメリカと日本のIT資本の経済成長に対する平均寄与率はそれぞれ22.8%と35.2%であった。それに対して、中国のIT資本の平均寄与率は7%にすぎなかった。その原因はIT資本ストックの総資本ストックに占めるシェアが非常に小さかったからである。中国のIT資本の中では、通信設備資本の成長寄与が一番大きく、ソフトウェア資本の寄与が一番小さかった。中国のIT発展はまだ遅れていたが、中国と先進国とのIT格差は年々縮小している。また、本論文は中国の「移行経済」の特徴に注目し、全要素生産性(TFP)のGDP成長に対する寄与が減少している現象を検討した。
  • 野寺 綾, 唐沢 かおり
    2004 年 2 巻 2 号 p. 2_9-2_14
    発行日: 2004年
    公開日: 2009/06/22
    ジャーナル フリー
    The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of explicit attitudes toward gender roles and gender of participants on male and female stereotype-activation. Twenty-seven male and female students were participated in the experiment that measured the gender stereotype-activation by a sequential priming task. Following presenting a photograph of a male or female face, a target word was presented. Target words were consisted of negative male/female stereotypical words, positive male/female stereotypical words and the words unrelated to gender stereotypes. Reaction time for the lexical decision of the targets was measured. Then, explicit attitudes toward gender roles were measured by a questionnaire. The results showed that both male and female participants activated negative male and female stereotypes regardless of the explicit attitudes toward gender roles. These results are consistent with the previous studies arguing the difference between stereotype-activation and stereotype-application. The discussion argued that the negative stereotype-activation of both outgroup and ingroup in terms of gender might be governed by the psychological process that also leads to negativity bias.
  • 八田 武志
    2004 年 2 巻 2 号 p. 2_15-2_20
    発行日: 2004年
    公開日: 2009/06/22
    ジャーナル フリー
    A new screening test battery to assess the cognitive function for adult (NU-CAB: Nagoya University Cognitive Assessment Battery) was proposed. The proposed NU-CAB consisted of the items for memory, attention, verbal fluency, spatial ability, and executive function. All the selected test items can be administered not only for individual but also for group within 20 minutes. NU-CAB can be administered not only by neuropsychologists but also non-professional staffs such as community officers. The results of all test battery items can be shown in quantitative style and the items were selected by the criterion of practical validity, such as low cost, quick administration, and easy to prepare the feedback information.
  • 貝沼 洵
    2004 年 2 巻 2 号 p. 2_21-2_34
    発行日: 2004年
    公開日: 2009/06/22
    ジャーナル フリー
    In this paper, I discuss the democratic meaning that A.Touraine mentioned the politics of Subject and the possibility of living with together in relation to questions under debate between liberalism and communitarianism. Touraine's arguments on the politics of Subject and democracy are very useful to criticize the various contemporary thinking, for example, conservative universalism and post-modernism, or liberalism and communitarianism. But, as both liberalism and communitarianism including J. Habermas and A. Giddens neglect an autonomous domain of politics that is distinguished from moral, Touraine's theory of Subject and democracy lacks concentration to the loss of alternative. His theory would may well be gone beyond him toward radical democratic politics.
  • 阿部 順子, 長野 友里, 阿部 亜紀子
    2004 年 2 巻 2 号 p. 2_35-2_40
    発行日: 2004年
    公開日: 2009/06/22
    ジャーナル フリー
    In this paper, through neuro-psychological tests and social-behavior disorder assessments, the researchers attempted to discover factors of recovery from higher brain dysfunction brought about by traumatic brain injury. The results of the study revealed that younger patients improve to a greater degree in semantic memory, complicated attention and information processing. Furthermore, shorter time periods in which the patient experienced loss of consciousness, revealed milder cognitive disorder than periods exceeding a month, which resulted in severe cognitive disorder. Additionally, the results also found that social-behavior disorder isn't necessarily related to the time period of loss of consciousness.
  • 吉崎 一人, 吉田 佳介, 杉本 助男, 佐々木 洋
    2004 年 2 巻 2 号 p. 2_41-2_49
    発行日: 2004年
    公開日: 2009/06/22
    ジャーナル フリー
    The aim of this study was to examine the effects of biological or nonbiological cues on reflexive orienting. Twelve university students participated in Experiment 1, in which a target which was presented in the left or the right visual field followed the gaze face or the arrow and they were required to detect the target. The results showed that the response to the target presented at the side where the eyes gazed toward and where the arrow indicated was faster than that presented at the reversed side in the SOA-100 ms and the SOA-550 ms conditions. Such a cueing effect obtained for the gaze-cue and the arrow-cue disappeared in the SOA-1000 ms condition. These findings suggested that the reflexive orienting from the arrow as well as the gaze would accrue. Thirty-six university students participated in Experiment 2. They were divided into the three groups, and each group was given the following three types of localization tasks. One was the gaze-cueing task which was the same as the Experiment 1. The second one was the arrow-cuing task which was also the same as the Experiment 1. The last one was Kanji-cueing task in which the target followed a Kanji character which means "left" or "right". The results supported the findings in Experiment 1. That is, the gaze-cue and the arrow-cue accrued the reflexive orienting. On the contrary the Kanji-cue did not. The mechanism of reflexive orienting from eye, arrow, and word (Kanji) were discussed.
  • 川上 綾子, 八田 武志, 伊藤 保弘
    2004 年 2 巻 2 号 p. 2_51-2_55
    発行日: 2004年
    公開日: 2009/06/22
    ジャーナル フリー
    本研究は、わが国におけるこれまでのきき手調査が主に大学生を対象として実施されてきたことを踏まえ、一般社会における成人のきき手およびきき足について調査し、その分布傾向と左きき(ないし非右きき)の発現要因について検討することを目的とした。H.N.きき手テストならびにH.I.きき足テストによる825名(19~89歳)への調査から、主要な結果として次の点が見いだされた。(1)きき手について、大学生のみを対象とした先行研究(Hatta & Kawakami, 1995)の結果と比べ、今回の若年層グループ(19~29歳)では非右ききの発現率が高かった。(2)きき手・きき足ともに、若年層グループは中間層グループ(30~59歳)および老年層グループ(60~89歳)より非右ききの発現率が高かった。(3)都市生活者と地方生活者との比較では、きき手の分布には違いが見られたがきき足については違いがなかった。これらの結果は、左ききの発現が脳における病理学的要因と関連している可能性を示すとともに、社会文化的要因の影響も受けていることを示唆している。
  • 桾本 知子, 佐々木 実, 坪井 章雄, 村上 恒二
    2004 年 2 巻 2 号 p. 2_57-2_62
    発行日: 2004年
    公開日: 2009/06/22
    ジャーナル フリー
    Although many studies have investigated factors that affect family caregiving burden in Japan and other countries, they have produced inconsistent results. The purpose of the current study was to explore which factors influence the burden of caregivers who cared for elderly family members. 60 male and 298 female family caregivers (aged range from 30 to 93) participated in the study. They completed questionnaires measuring caregiver and care recipient characteristics, caregiving environment and positive appraisals of caregiving support, and the Cost of Care Index measuring caregiving burden. It was found that caregivers with worse mental health (caregiver characteristics) and lower satisfaction with family members (positive appraisals of caregiving support) showed the greater levels of caregiving burden. Several suggestions for future research are provided in this area.
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