SHIGAKU ZASSHI
Online ISSN : 2424-2616
Print ISSN : 0018-2478
ISSN-L : 0018-2478
Volume 92 , Issue 7
Showing 1-19 articles out of 19 articles from the selected issue
  • Type: Cover
    1983 Volume 92 Issue 7 Pages Cover1-
    Published: July 20, 1983
    Released: November 29, 2017
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  • Type: Cover
    1983 Volume 92 Issue 7 Pages Cover2-
    Published: July 20, 1983
    Released: November 29, 2017
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  • Hiroshi Takayama
    Type: Article
    1983 Volume 92 Issue 7 Pages 1107-1152,1259-
    Published: July 20, 1983
    Released: November 29, 2017
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    In the twelfth century, there existed a native organization called dohana in the Norman kingdom of Sicily. This played an central part in the administration of this kingdom. Naturally, the elucidation of this is one of the most important and essential subjects in medieval Sicilian history and so many historians have tried to solve the problem. But since Garufi expounded his excellent theory in 1901, almost all subsequent historians have accepted his theory without doubt and developed their own studies on this ground, till Caravale developed an independent theory (1964). Garufi explains the structure of the financial and administrative organization as follows. Two offices, the supervising office (ufficio di Riscontro) and the treasury office (ufficio del Tesoro) were located in the royal palace in Palermo. The latter was subordinate to the former. The supervising office kept the registers of lands and was divided into two departments, dohana de secretis and dohana baronum. The dohana de secretis supervised the affairs of the royal domains and the dohana baronum handled the feudal affairs. The treasury office on the other hand kept the registers of villeins and collected taxes. This office was called ad-diwan alma'mur in Arabic. To this office was subordinate the office of profits (ufficio dei proventi) called diwan al-fawa'id in Arabic. To this classic theory of Garufi, Caravale put forth a counterargument. He insisted that the functions of the dohana de secretis and the dohana baronum were distinguished by their jurisdictions, though he accepted Garufi's structural analysis of the dohana. The former had competence over Sicily and Calabria and the latter over the peninsula excepting Calabria. But, as Mazzarese Fardella says, this theory of Caravale does not completely supercede that of Garufi, and it is understood that this problem need to be reexamined. Therefore the central aim of this paper will be a structural and functional analysis of the dohana. The structure of the dohana which is elucidated in this paper is quite different from the former structural analysis. It is as follows ; two offices, the ad-diwan al-ma'mur and the dohana de secretis, in the royal palace in Palermo, had competence over Sicily and Calabria. Another office, the dohana baronum, was in Salerno, and had competence over the peninsula excepting Calabria. The ad-diwan al-ma'mur was the central office carrying out routine tasks. It collected taxes and controlled inhabitants and officials. The dohana de secretis carried out special duties concerning lands. Naturally this office confirmed, revised and made the registers of lands and villeins. On the other hand, the dohana baronum was, as it were, a branch office in the peninsula. It carried out all works needed there. These irregular administative institutions clarify the administrative defference between Sicily together with Calabria and the peninsula. The king controlled and governed inhabitants and lands directly through the registers of lands and villeins in Sicily and Calabria. So, vassals and churches were not obstacles against the administration. There existed a valid and stable administration here. On the other hand, the medium of vassals was indispensable for the administration in the peninsula. The king could controll and govern inhabitants and lands only through vassals. And the catalogus baronum was the list of these vassals.
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  • Takashi Tsukada
    Type: Article
    1983 Volume 92 Issue 7 Pages 1153-1196,1257-
    Published: July 20, 1983
    Released: November 29, 2017
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    This essay attempts to clearly describe the actualities of lodging facilities at the Edo township of Shincho 新町, a topic which has yet to be recognized by either research into the history of ghettos in Japan or research of the legal historical type. This research theme is very important from the standpoint of the work being done on the inferior caste system in Japan's early modern period, especially in the area of the control exercised over the inferior statuses of eta 穢多 (leather skinners, executioners and other tradespeople) and hinin 非人 (beggars and low class entertainers) in the Kanto Plain by the personage of Danzaemon 弾左エ門, the Tokugawa Bakufu-appointed Head of the Eta (Etagashira 穢多頭). These lodgings, over half of which were facilities for administrative purposes, numbered at least ten in all and were situated in the Asakusa District's Shincho, Danzaemon's administrative headquarters. On the occasion of a person under the authority of Danzaemon travelling to Edo on official business, that person's accomodations would be taken care of by a given inn, which would provide him with all the services necessary to complete his business. A very important and rather special occasion was the business of litigation (kuji deiri 公事出入り). When court was held at the headquarters of Danzaemon himself, these Shincho inns would perform such services as the authoring of documents, legal representation at court, and activities leading to out of court settlements (naizai toriatsukai 内済取扱い). When eta and hinin litigants under Danzaemon's control made appearances at the courts of other administrators like the Machi Bugyo 町奉行, these same lodgings would perform their legal services among similar inns providing legal assistance to the holders of peasant status (hyakusho 百姓). In historically evaluating these lodgings at Shincho, the author makes the following three points : 1)These inns were indispensable to Danzaemon in the excercise of his right to render justice free of intervention from higher authorities (tegiri ginmi 手限吟味). 2)These inns played a significant role in tying into one social unit those of the status of eta and hinin in Shincho itself (the capital) and in the Kanto Plain (the provinces). In this way both groups were in real terms brought under the control of Danzaemon. 3)Within the context of the early modern status system, these litigation inns catering soley to the status of eta and hinin functioned to further strengthen and develope status discrimination.
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  • Takehiko Matsumoto
    Type: Article
    1983 Volume 92 Issue 7 Pages 1197-1205
    Published: July 20, 1983
    Released: November 29, 2017
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  • Ritus Ijuin
    Type: Article
    1983 Volume 92 Issue 7 Pages 1205-1215
    Published: July 20, 1983
    Released: November 29, 2017
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  • Koichi Inoue
    Type: Article
    1983 Volume 92 Issue 7 Pages 1215-1223
    Published: July 20, 1983
    Released: November 29, 2017
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  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1983 Volume 92 Issue 7 Pages 1224-1225
    Published: July 20, 1983
    Released: November 29, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1983 Volume 92 Issue 7 Pages 1225-1226
    Published: July 20, 1983
    Released: November 29, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1983 Volume 92 Issue 7 Pages 1226-1227
    Published: July 20, 1983
    Released: November 29, 2017
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  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1983 Volume 92 Issue 7 Pages 1227-1228
    Published: July 20, 1983
    Released: November 29, 2017
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    Download PDF (281K)
  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1983 Volume 92 Issue 7 Pages 1228-1229
    Published: July 20, 1983
    Released: November 29, 2017
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    Download PDF (281K)
  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1983 Volume 92 Issue 7 Pages 1229-1230
    Published: July 20, 1983
    Released: November 29, 2017
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    Download PDF (277K)
  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1983 Volume 92 Issue 7 Pages 1230-1231
    Published: July 20, 1983
    Released: November 29, 2017
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    Download PDF (270K)
  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1983 Volume 92 Issue 7 Pages 1231-1232
    Published: July 20, 1983
    Released: November 29, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • Type: Article
    1983 Volume 92 Issue 7 Pages 1233-1256
    Published: July 20, 1983
    Released: November 29, 2017
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  • Type: Article
    1983 Volume 92 Issue 7 Pages 1257-1260
    Published: July 20, 1983
    Released: November 29, 2017
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  • Type: Appendix
    1983 Volume 92 Issue 7 Pages App1-
    Published: July 20, 1983
    Released: November 29, 2017
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  • Type: Cover
    1983 Volume 92 Issue 7 Pages Cover4-
    Published: July 20, 1983
    Released: November 29, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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