Journal of the Japan Society of Colour Material
Online ISSN : 1883-2199
Print ISSN : 0010-180X
ISSN-L : 0010-180X
Volume 55 , Issue 2
Showing 1-6 articles out of 6 articles from the selected issue
  • Minoru TSUBOTA, Kenji UEKI
    1982 Volume 55 Issue 2 Pages 69-75
    Published: February 20, 1982
    Released: November 20, 2012
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    An experiment to facilitate the analysis of pigment effects on the mechanical properties of paint films is described. The samples studied were based on unsaturated polyester resin films filled with surface treated glass flakes (I), untreated glass flakes (II) and glass beads (III). Stress-strain properties, dynamic viscoelasticity and degree of swelling for the films of various pigment volume concentration, observation of the fracture surface of the films by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and the adsorption of the vehicle on the pigment surface with gel permeation chromatography (GPC) were investigated. The effects of morphology of pigment particles were also studied. 1) The interaction between the vehicle and I was larger than that between the vehicle and II, and this agrees with the experimental results obtained by GPC, Tg, degree of water absorption, SEM, etc. 2) The tensile strength and the elongation at break for I films were larger than those for II films, while there was little difference in the increasing ratio of the modulus. 3) The reinforcing effect for I or II films was more pronounced than that for III films. These experimental results were examined with the pigment reinforcement theories
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  • Takahisa MISONO, Yoshimoto ABE, Yukinori NAGAO, Kazunori NIGORIKAWA
    1982 Volume 55 Issue 2 Pages 76-81
    Published: February 20, 1982
    Released: November 20, 2012
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    In order to investigate the properties of metal chelates of the Group IV elements with ligands of azo dyes and their applications to a pigment or coloring material, titanium and zirconium chelates were synthesized. The reaction of the metal alkoxides (M (OR) 4, M=Ti, Zr, R= (isopropyl) with 2, 2'-dihydroxy and 2-hydroxy-2'-carboxy azo compounds gave the 1 : 2 metal chelates with no charge which were insoluble in water. The titanium chelates were sparingly soluble in organic solvents, but the zirconium chelates had an appreciable solubility in organic solvents. The colors of titanium and zirconium chelates were black and mahogany brown, respectively. The results of measurements of the. lightfastness and thermal stability indicated that the properties were much dependent on the structures of the ligands and the central metals ; the properties of titanium chelates were more superior than those of zirconium ones with ligands of 2, 2'-dihydroxy azo compounds, but some of the titanium. chelates with 2-hydroxy-2'-carboxy azo compounds had a comparable stability.
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  • Haruo FURUTA
    1982 Volume 55 Issue 2 Pages 82-89
    Published: February 20, 1982
    Released: November 20, 2012
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • Akira MOROO, Kiyozi HASE, Takashi SUZUKI
    1982 Volume 55 Issue 2 Pages 90-96
    Published: February 20, 1982
    Released: November 20, 2012
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • Kensuke AIZAWA
    1982 Volume 55 Issue 2 Pages 97-102
    Published: February 20, 1982
    Released: November 20, 2012
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • Yasuo YOKOI
    1982 Volume 55 Issue 2 Pages 103-111
    Published: February 20, 1982
    Released: November 20, 2012
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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