Food Hygiene and Safety Science (Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi)
Online ISSN : 1882-1006
Print ISSN : 0015-6426
ISSN-L : 0015-6426
Volume 56 , Issue 2
Showing 1-4 articles out of 4 articles from the selected issue
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Reports
  • Midori YOSHIDA, Takashi UMEMURA, Hiroyuki KOJIMA, Kaoru INOUE, Miwa TA ...
    Type: Repotes
    2015 Volume 56 Issue 2 Pages 42-48
    Published: April 25, 2015
    Released: April 28, 2015
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    This article provided a scientific basis for determining whether liver hypertrophy, a common change in the liver induced by xenobiotics in toxicological studies, is an adaptive or adverse event. To maintain homeostasis in the whole organism, the liver frequently responds to xenobiotic exposure by increasing metabolic capacity via nuclear receptor activation. The resuiting hepatic adaptive responses (hepatocellular hypertrophy and increased relative liver weight) are potentially beneficial to the organism in providing increased capacity to respond to chemical-induced stress. However, excessive responses should be recognized as adverse. Practically, hepatocellular hypertrophy leading to the following alterations should be considered adverse: 1) hepatocellular degeneration/ necrosis, whether or not accompanied with inflammatory reaction, 2) changes indicating damage to biliary tracts, 3) disruption of fat metabolism, 4) pigmentation, 5) deviation from typical localization or morphological features of hypertrophied hepatocytes.
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  • Yoshinori UEKUSA, Hiromi NABESHI, Rika NAKAMURA, Tomoaki TSUTSUMI, Aki ...
    Type: Reports
    2015 Volume 56 Issue 2 Pages 49-56
    Published: April 25, 2015
    Released: April 28, 2015
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Supplementary material
    We surveyed the concentration of radioactive cesium in foods purchased at markets in areas where possible contamination has been a concern after the Fukushima accident. In fiscal years 2012 and 2013, we surveyed 1,735 and 1,674 foods, respectively, using a NaI (Tl) scintillation spectrometer for the screening test and a γ-ray spectrometer with a germanium semiconductor detector for the final test. Only 3 and 4 samples (0.2% of our total samples) exceeded the regulatory limit (100 Bq/kg) for radioactive cesium in fiscal years 2012 and 2013, respectively. Our surveillance indicates that the pre-shipment monitoring of foods by local governments has been working effectively.
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  • Ryo MURAKAMI, Motoh MUTSUGA, Takashi ABE, Yutaka ABE, Ikue OHSAKA, Har ...
    Type: Reports
    2015 Volume 56 Issue 2 Pages 57-67
    Published: April 25, 2015
    Released: April 28, 2015
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    An interlaboratory study was performed to evaluate a migration test method of antimony (Sb) and germanium (Ge), based on the Japanese Food Sanitation Law for food- contact polyethylene terephthalate. Eighteen laboratories participated, and quantified Sb and Ge in three test solutions as blind duplicates using graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GF-AAS), inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) or induced coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Statistical analysis revealed that the trueness, repeatability and reproducibility were 98–107%, 1.7–7.5% and 2.0–18.8% by using GF-AAS and ICP-OES. The performance of these methods is sufficient for testing the specifications. The performance parameters of ICP-MS were 99–106%, 0.7–2.2% and 2.2–10.5%, respectively. ICP-MS is available as an alternative measuring method. However, in some laboratories, the quantitative values of Sb were higher than the addition levels. We found that Sb in working solutions is absorbed on glass vessels. Careful control of concentration in working solutions is required for Sb analysis.
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