This paper indicates the process of the resilience in industrial districts of dies and molds industry. To respond to demand fluctuation, there exist clan networks of small specialized firms in this industrial district. In the process of resilience of network, self−employed entrepreneurs who were expelled from existing companies established new start−up firms and these entrepreneurs cooperate with each other and form clan networks. We clarify the resilience of clan networks whichiscomposed of small specialized firms in the industrial district.
This paper analyzes the digital photo printing business by introducing a continuous time axis and wide−angled perspectives. While previous studies on first−mover and late−mover advantages only stressed the single aspect of late movers free riding against first movers, we explores another side: a reversed relationship between first movers and late movers based on an in−depth case analysis. Such a relationship between first movers and late movers can be observed when a new business emerges.
This paper focuses on the “digital sakuga (drawing)” in the Japanese animation industry and explores the personality attributes that allow an individual to adopt new technology. Although “digital sakuga” is inferior to the existing technology, it has a possibility of implementing new expressions with computers. The results of the questionnaire survey indicate that innovativeness to paradigm (creative thinking), grades in science and humanities subjects, and computer literacy have a positive effect on technology adoption, but leading edge status (LES), score of art−based subjects, job satisfaction, and income have a negative effect.
The Porter hypothesis is the most well−known views on management practice that balance environmental protection with corporate profits. This hypothesis has been tested in several empirical studies, but none has used the organization theory approach effectively. This study employs organizational culture theory to examine the interactions among three variables: organizational culture (environmental protection culture), environmental performance, and economic performance, by multivariate analysis with the data of 260 firms.