スポーツとジェンダー研究
Online ISSN : 2424-1342
Print ISSN : 1348-2157
ISSN-L : 1348-2157
最新号
選択された号の論文の20件中1~20を表示しています
巻頭随想
論 文
  • 井谷 惠子, 井谷 聡子, 関 めぐみ, 三上 純
    原稿種別: 論文
    2019 年 17 巻 p. 6-20
    発行日: 2019年
    公開日: 2019/09/06
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    This study examines the gender politics in physical education curriculum that influence students to disengage from physical education and sport. For the analysis, we selected five students among survey respondents who identified as cis-gendered heterosexual women and conducted semi-structured interviews. The grounded theory approach (GTA) was utilized and MAXQDA Analytics Pro2018 was used to assist the analysis. The analysis generated nine primary categories, for example; “visibility”, “physical education curriculum”, and “characteristics of exercise”. It also generated forty-nine sub-categories. The relationships among categories indicate a “negative spiral” in which “poor exercise experience”, “low physical skill and strength”, “negative experience” and “negative emotional reaction” formed a chain relationship. Central to physical education curriculum is the focus on modern sports that has been developed as a tool to educate men. Such physical education is characterized by athleticism, record setting, hierarchy, and winning, as well as physical performance. The space of physical education is saturated with value orientation based on high performance. In such space, participants have had negative experiences in which their poor skills and physical weakness were exposed to their peers. They also expressed discomfort that physical education leaves little space for values outside of physical performance to be recognized.
研究ノート
  • 関 めぐみ, 三上 純, 井谷 惠子, 井谷 聡子
    原稿種別: 研究ノート
    2019 年 17 巻 p. 21-31
    発行日: 2019年
    公開日: 2019/09/06
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    This is one of the first studies to explore the experiences and expressions of discrimination, violence and exclusion based on genders, sexualities and the bodies in Physical education (PE) in Japan. Through this research, we hope to gain insight into the gender and sexual politics of Japanese PE. The study was administered in three Japanese universities in 2017. Based on 979 survey responses, we present a preliminary analysis of students reported the experiences of discrimination and exclusion. We conducted the quantitative and qualitative content analysis of 410 (41.9%) survey responses, which answered the open-ended question about negative experience in PE. By using quantitative content analysis software (KH coder), we extracted seven clusters: 1) being scolded for a mistake, 2) being a nuisance to a partner or a team, 3) forced to perform (play) sport or do exercise, 4) swimming, 5) running, 6) class (teaching) methods, and 7) methods of evaluation. The main factors that caused the negative experience are codified to: classmates (category 1), oneself (category 2), teachers (category 3, 6, 7) and exercise characteristics (category 4, 5). When analyzed the result by gender, “normative woman” (cis-gendered, heterosexual) tends to be ashamed that they are not good at sports and their self-respect becomes wounded. On the other hand, “normative man” (cis-gendered, heterosexual) tends to remember the negative experience as those moments when they were blamed by their classmates. The persons of “non-normative” gender/sexuality (transgender and/or non-heterosexual) tend to have more negative experiences based on heterosexism and binary gender system. Our findings suggest that the evaluation criteria set by the curriculum and/or teacher need to be changed. Because the criteria made students’ achievement (or the lack thereof) visible, it leads to the bodily hierarchy. This hierarchy push students who are not athletic into a lower position and marginalize them in the classroom.
  • 飯田 貴子, 藤山 新, 來田享子 來田享子, 風間 孝, 藤原 直子, 吉川 康夫
    原稿種別: 研究ノート
    2019 年 17 巻 p. 32-42
    発行日: 2019年
    公開日: 2019/09/06
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    This survey examined the correlation between the sense of value regarding sport and the other three views, gender views, homophobia and transphobia.The respondents of this survey were 2,763 college students enrolled in the departments related to physical education or sports in Japan at the time of survey (male students: 1,493, female students: 1,270). The questions regarding sexual minorities were created by the authors. The four scales used in this survey include: gender views (the Short- form of the Scale of Egalitarian Sex Role Attitudes: Suzuki, 1994); homophobia (the Index of Homophobia: Hudson & Ricketts, 1980); transphobia (the Transphobia Scale: Bornstein, 1998); and the sense of value regarding sport (the Psychosocial Functions of Sport Scale: Spreitzer & Snyder, 1975). This survey will contribute to the creation of a comprehensive theoretical framework for establishing Japanese guidelines on the rights of LGBT in sports. The results are summarized as follows. 1) There was little correlation between the sense of value regarding sport and the other three views, namely gender views, homophobia and transphobia. On the other hand, while there was a weak correlation between gender views and homophobia, and there were relatively strong correlations between gender views and transphobia as well as between homophobia and transphobia. 2) The factor analysis showed that there were three factors in the sense of value regarding sport, namely the social factor, the QOL factor, and the relaxing factor. 3) Those who had poor knowledge about sexual orientation and biological sex, that is, those who supported the gender binary system with little or no understanding of the diversity of sexuality and sex, held a strong social sense of value for sport.
基調講演
企画趣旨
登壇者論文
  • 片岡 栄美
    原稿種別: 登壇者論文
    2019 年 17 巻 p. 49-63
    発行日: 2019年
    公開日: 2019/09/06
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    本研究は,ブルデューの男性支配と象徴権力の理論を用いて,日本の大学生におけるスポーツ嗜好のアイデンティティをもつ学生の価値,態度,文化資本を,量的な調査データに基づき明らかにした. 体育会系アイデンティティの保持者は男女ともに,ジェンダー役割意識に関する非民主的価値と男性支配的価値を示した.彼らのコミュニケーション能力は高く,かつ男子体育会系の大半が権力志向でもある.とくに男性の体育会系は権威主義的価値観や伝統重視の価値観をより強く持っている.かれらは政治的な無関心を示す傾向が強く,マスメディアの情報を信頼しており,また一般的他者への信頼も高い.それゆえ,かれらは現在の社会体制を疑うことはあまりなく,社会の問題や社会の矛盾に気がつきにくいナイーブな存在でもある.また体育会系学生の文化資本は,他の学生よりも相対的に低かった.これらの価値態度,いいかえれば,ハビトゥスは近い将来の日本の保守的・非民主的な階層フラクションを体現するものである.
登壇者抄録
分科会概要
登壇者抄録
分科会概要
登壇者抄録
趣旨と抄録
登壇者抄録
海外文献紹介
書 評
feedback
Top