Journal of Human Care Sciences
Online ISSN : 2434-5393
Print ISSN : 2186-750X
Volume 5
Showing 1-5 articles out of 5 articles from the selected issue
Original Articles
  • Mariko Zensho, Ryo Kubota, Koji Sugano, Hajime Toda
    2016 Volume 5 Pages 1-10
    Published: March 31, 2016
    Released: December 03, 2019

    Aim: The aim of this study was to clarify the attitude among elderly persons regarding community health care services by investigating differences according to living conditions(living alone or not), sex(male/female), and age(early old age/later old age). Methods: A self-administered questionnaire was conducted with 540 users of welfare centers for elderly persons in City A(522 responses, 96.7%), and 475 responses from people aged 65 and over were used for analysis. Data were analyzed using the chi-square test and Mann-Whitney U test(p<.05). Results: Those living alone had experienced end-of-life caregiving, and coping behaviors involved use of community welfare commissioners(p<.00). For those not living alone, coping behaviors included asking family for advice(p<.00). For men, treatment tended to be in general hospitals or at home in the final stages(p<.00). For women, coping behaviors included asking friends and acquaintances for advice, and treatment was in specialist hospitals(p<.00). For those in early old age, coping behaviors involved use of the Internet, and decision making for place of treatment included factors such as facilities and equipment(p<.00). For those in later old age, the final stages were spent in public care facilities(p<.00). Discussion: Differences were seen between those living alone and those not living alone in terms of end-of-life care experience regarding coping behaviors. Differences were also noted between men and women regarding decision making for place of treatment and location of final stage of life. Moreover, differences were seen between those in early old age and later old age regarding coping behaviors and location of final stage of life. These insights may be useful for deepening understanding of elderly persons among medical professionals, and for community education.

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