The goal of this study is to clarify what students are thinking about while they are learning in music classes. To have a consciousness of the teaching aim means students are conscious of what teachers intend to teach in classes. This survey found out how much students are conscious of the teaching aim in music classes. Furthermore, through the analysis of some music classes, the factors that students learn with this consciousness are verified. The result shows following 5 factors that students learn with consciousness of the teaching aim: students have this consciousness when 1) teachers' instructions are given just before the activities, 2) teachers give elaborate explanation for the activities, 3) students will do unexpected activities, 4) teachers give various information before the activities, and 5) students listen to music with visual information.
Japan's National Curriculum of all public elementary and junior highschools will be revised overall from next spring. One of the big revision points is the foundation of "Period of Integrated Studies". It is inevitable that this will bring a big change in all public schools. Therefore, this paper's purpose is to construct a database and analyze the trends of various music programs of "Period of Integrated Studies" including music activities in this period right before the enforcement of the National Curriculum. We hope that this paper will become the useful sources of information for many schools who are now trying to find their way.
The staff and students of Fuzoku school have been fortunate enough to invite a local expert in Gagaku to teach and enrich our understanding of the traditional artform.We have been trying to create a celebration of the sunrise based on traditional Gagaku music and have been in need of some assistance. Thanks to the instruction and example of the guest teachers we have been able to evaluate the students understanding and skillls of Gagaku. As a result, we observed: 1. The students initially experienced difficulties and needed assistance, the guest teachers were able to support the students' request, and then the students overcame the problems. 2. The students had the opportunity to watch the visiting teachers perform and benefited even more by their example. Students' expression and understanding of the music developed because of their time spent with the visiting teachers.
The author studied how the fifth graders could understand music through body movement as expression. This was done by analyzing the data of the music learning process of "Stick Dance" which contained both rhythm exercise and improvisational dance performance. The analysis was carried out with the emphasis on the perception of musical elements and the imaginative reaction. The graders could develop their musical understanding in the following way. The perception of five meter, and the imaginative reaction to it. Then, the interaction of the perception and the reaction to other musical elements.