A questionnaire of the use of discriminatory Japanese animal names was conducted among the physically and/or mentally handicapped persons and their supporters. Of 178 respondents, only 35 (19.7%) had already known the problem of discriminatory Japanese animal names, but 44 (24.7%) found this form of discrimination problematic or hateful. Ninety-six (53.9%) of them agreed to renaming of the mekura-nezumi ("blind rat"=mole rat), one of the typical discriminatory Japanese animal names. Renaming of non-typical discriminatory Japanese names, such as ahoudori ("fool bird"=albatross) and namakemono ("idle person"=sloth), drew fewer positive responses. Quantification II was used to detect some relationships between the respondents and their personal traits. Quantification III was adopted to examine some relationships among the questions through the attitudes of the respondents.
An overview of "scorpaeniform" fish phylogenetic studies is presented. Imamura and Shinohara (1998) reviewed previous phylogenetic studies of the "Scorpaeniformes" and stated that monophyly was unlikely. Since 1998, 4 papers (1 morphological and 3 molecular) have been published, which independently show the polyphyletic origins of this group. The present paper provides an outline of Imamura and Shinohara's (1998) paper, and gives summaries of the 4 subsequent papers. Evidence for polyphyly presented in the 4 papers is discussed. Suggestions for future areas of "scorpaeniform" taxonomic and evolutionary research are presented.