Specimens of scyllarine species (Decapoda: Scyllaridae: Scyllarinae) were collected using commercial bottom trawl nets from several sites with 50-100 m depths in the shelf water region of the Enshu-nada sea and Tosa Bay along the Pacific coast of Honshu, central Japan. Of these, Bathyarctus chani Hoithuis, 2002 and B. formosasus (Chan and Yu, 1992) are recorded for the first time from Japan while Eduarctus martensii (Preffer, 1881) and Galearctus timidus (Hoithuis, 1960) are poorly known from Japanese waters previously.
A practical education program on biodiversity for undergraduate students has been proposed. The purpose of this program is to promote education and research on biodiversity by making use of university marine biological stations. A pilot study was conducted by the National Museum of Nature and Science in Tokyo in collaboration with the Marine and Coastal Research Center of Ochanomizu University in 2007 and 2008. Several taxonomists from other museums and universities took part as well. The program effectively strengthened the student participants' interest in taxonomy and biodiversity of marine organisms, but at the same time it revealed that for many taxa there is a dearth of taxonomists to support the program as instructors.