The history of acorn worm studies, particularly on swimming acorn worm Glandiceps hacksi, was summarized with recent our answers to the mysteries on its ecology indicated by Iwaji Ikeda on 1907 and 1908. His contributions to researches and educations of marine biology at the Seto Inland Sea of Japan and his last work, establishment of a marine biological research station of Kyoto Imperial University, are also mentioned with his portrait in oils kindly given by his grandson, Akira Ikeda. Zoological interests and marine biological stations of a hundred years' establishing have provided an opportunity for our recent studies, for example an investigation into ecological features of G. hacksi or molecular phylogenetic analysis with it that renovate classification of enteropneust families including deep sea species.
Seto Marine Biological Laboratory (SMBL) is located on the western coast of Kii Peninsula in central Japan. A branch of Kuroshio Current is primarily responsible for the warm, but mild climate in this region. The topography around the SMBL is complex and includes steep cliffs and many embayments. Sunken rocks and small islands are scattered around the region. The substratum is diverse and ranges from bare rock to mud, gravel and coarse sand. These settings provide a diverse range of habitats for the marine fauna found around the SMBL. The SMBL has had a long history of marine invertebrate zoology research, including developmental biology, ecology, taxonomy and phylogeny. Professor Takasi Tokioka (1913-2001) studied taxonomy and phylogeny focusing primarily on ascidians and arrow worms at SMBL for about 40 years and was an internationally recognized expert on marine invertebrates. In this paper, we offer a historical retrospective on his life and research. Traditionally, short training courses for marine biology of universities around central Japan are held in SMBL every year. These courses are diverse and range from taxonomy, and molecular phylogeny, to embryology, ethology and physiology. A review of 15 marine courses from fiscal year 2012 revealed that taxonomy was included in all marine coursework. In this paper, we discuss the importance of taxonomy for zoology and other disciplines.
The Maizuru Fisheries Research Station of Kyoto University is located in northern Kyoto Prefecture, Japan, on the shore of the Sea of Japan. The research station has been well situated for education and research on many aspects of marine biology, such as the early life history, taxonomy, and systematics of fishes. A large fish collection is housed in the Aquatic Natural History Museum of the research station and has been an important resource for the study of fishes of the world. The fish collection of Kyoto University (FAKU) can be traced back to 1947, when Professor Kiyomatsu Matsubara (1906-1968) was posted to Kyoto University. The collection is housed at both the Maizuru Fisheries Research Station and the Kyoto University Museum (Sakyo, Kyoto). Today, the FAKU fish collection contains more than 300,000 specimens representing more than 3,000 species. The primary objectives of this report are to provide a brief history of Maizuru Fisheries Research Station and to summarize the present status of education and research in natural history based on the FAKU fish collection.
Misaki Marine Biological Station School of Science, The University of Tokyo which is located on the tip of southwestern Miura Peninsula, Kanagawa Pref. have been actively used as a base for research on Zoology for many years in broad fields, such as development biology, cell biology, molecular biology and systematic zoology. Although technical staffs have greatly supported many scientists, their contribution to the research activity almost remains unknown. In this paper, I describe variety of works that technical staffs of MMBS engage, and a part of research work we are performing.