Transactions of the Japan Academy
Online ISSN : 2424-1903
Print ISSN : 0388-0036
ISSN-L : 0388-0036
Volume 42 , Issue 1
Showing 1-2 articles out of 2 articles from the selected issue
  • Seiichi IWAO
    1987 Volume 42 Issue 1 Pages 1-14
    Published: 1987
    Released: June 22, 2007
    KITAZAWA was born to the family of a retainer of the lord Sanada of the Matsushiro fief in Shinano Province. He studied under Zozan SAKUMA in his youth and was much influenced by his teacher. After the Meiji Restoration, he obtained a position in the central government, representing the Matsushiro fief. After that, he entered the services of the Historiographical Bureau of Tokyo University, the Department of Foreign Affairs and so forth.
    In 1879 he made utmost efforts to establish the Tokyo Geographical Society, and since then, on the one hand he did much for its management and development, and on the other hand, devoted himself to the studies on history and geography, especially on those of Mongolia and Korea, which adjoin to China. Many papers and books, containing outstanding results of his studies concerning the said fields, were given to the public during that time.
    He acted as a headman of Koishikawa Ward and also as a government official of Ogasawara Islands. He was a teacher of Japanese literature and Chinese classics at Takada Middle School in his last several years and died in 1901.
    Download PDF (1529K)
  • Zendo UWANO
    1987 Volume 42 Issue 1 Pages 15-70
    Published: 1987
    Released: June 22, 2007
    In part (2), the central type (1/2•3/4/5) is described. It covers a wide area over most of the Kinki districts around Kyoto and Osaka. It is also found in Shikoku districts such as Kochi, Tokushima and Matsuyama.
    The proto-accent of the central type is reconstructed as follows:
    From this, the following varieties of South Kinki dialects are derived historically:
    The second-stage accent (V) 1/2•3/4/5-Tanabe, Ryuzin, Kyoto, Katsuura, Owase, Kumano, Atawa
    The third-stage accents {(mu) 1/2•3/4•5 (Nairin type)-Kitayamagawa, Totsukawa (wa) 1•4/2•3/5 (Tarui Type)-Hongu
    The fourth-stage accents {(a) 1/2•3•4•5-Furue, Nakatani, Sakamoto (h) 1•4/2•3•5-Nishi-hiura The transition from (V) to (mu) on the Kumano-nada coast is gradual both structurally and geographically.
    Download PDF (5112K)