The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Online ISSN : 1349-3329
Print ISSN : 0040-8727
ISSN-L : 0040-8727
239 巻 , 3 号
July
選択された号の論文の10件中1~10を表示しています
Regular Contribution
  • Li Zhang, Hua Wang, Lin Tian, Haixia Li
    原稿種別: Regular Contribution
    2016 年 239 巻 3 号 p. 165-175
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2016/06/15
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    Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is one of the worst malignancies in females with poor overall survival due to the rapid metastasis and the absence of ideal biomarkers. Ubiquitin-specific protease 7 (USP7), an important deubiquitinating enzyme, was reported to be upregulated in several cancers, including liver, prostate and colon cancers. Membrane associated RING-CH protein 7 (MARCH7) belongs to the member of the E3 ubiquitin ligases. In addition, MARCH7 regulates T cell proliferation and the neuronal development and participates in the membrane trafficking and protein degradation. Importantly, MARCH7 itself is ubiquitinated and acts as a potential substrate of USP7. However, the roles of USP7 and MARCH7 in EOC remain to be investigated. We collected 121 EOC patients and analyzed the expression levels of USP7 and MARCH7 in tumor tissues with immunohistochemical staining. We found that the high expression of the two proteins was correlated with lymph node metastasis in EOC patients. Univariate and multivariate analyses revealed that the patients with high expression of the two proteins showed poorer prognosis compared with other patients. Subsequently, using SKOV3 human ovarian adenocarcinoma cells, we showed that either USP7 or MARCH7 enhanced the proliferation and invasion abilities. Moreover, USP7 could regulate the expression levels of E-cadherin and β-catenin through the MARCH7 signaling pathway. Our findings indicate that USP7 and MARCH7 are involved in the progression of EOC. In conclusion, analyzing the expression of USP7 and MARCH7 has high prognostic value in predicting EOC prognosis.
  • Lingling Hu, Ruilei Liu
    原稿種別: Regular Contribution
    2016 年 239 巻 3 号 p. 177-184
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2016/06/14
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    Growth factor receptor-bound protein-2 (Grb2) can act as the scaffold protein recruiting other molecules to the stimulated receptors. Grb2-associated binding protein 1 (Gab1) is involved in cell proliferation, and its expression may enhance the carcinogenesis and cancer progression. However, the function of Gab1 remains to be investigated. Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the most lethal malignancy in the female reproductive system with increasing incidence and unsatisfied overall survival (OS). We investigated the expression of Gab1 in EOC tissues and the correlations between Gab1 expression and the clinicopathological characteristics of patients with EOC using Spearman rank test. The staining results were evaluated based on both the percentage of Gab1-positive tumor cells and the staining intensity for Gab1 expression. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Cox proportional hazards analysis were used to compare the postoperative OS between EOC patients with high Gab1 expression and those with low Gab1 expression. The high expression of Gab1 was positively correlated with advanced FIGO stage and lymph node metastasis of EOC. Univariate analysis showed that advanced FIGO stage, pathological grade, lymph node metastasis or Gab1 expression were associated with poor OS. Moreover, multivariate analysis revealed that Gab1 expression could be an independent prognostic factor for the poor OS of EOC patients (P = 0.042). We propose that Gab1 expression is correlated with poor prognosis of EOC patients and may act as an independent prognostic indicator.
  • Yuma Tamura, Nobuyoshi Mori, Bin Xu, Takahiro Nakamura, Seiko Yamakosh ...
    原稿種別: Regular Contribution
    2016 年 239 巻 3 号 p. 185-192
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2016/06/25
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    Water deprivation activates the renin-angiotensin system. We have hypothesized that the renal expression of (pro)renin receptor ((P)RR), a specific receptor for renin and prorenin, could be changed under dehydration. Moreover, plasma levels of soluble (P)RR (s(P)RR) comprising of the extracellular domain of (P)RR may reflect the renal (P)RR expression. In the present study, we therefore aimed to clarify changes of plasma s(P)RR concentrations and kidney tissue (P)RR levels using rats with dehydration. Male Wister-Kyoto rats were divided into two groups; dehydrated (DH) rats deprived of water for 72 hours with free access to food, and control rats. Plasma s(P)RR concentrations measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were significantly lower in DH rats (6.94 ± 2.08 ng/mL, mean ± SD, n = 5) than in control (12.54 ± 2.00 ng/mL, n = 5) (p < 0.05). Western blot analysis confirmed lower expression levels of s(P)RR in plasma in DH rats than in control. By contrast, western blot analysis showed higher levels of full-length (P)RR and lower levels of furin (an enzyme responsible for generation of s(P)RR from full-length (P)RR) in the kidney tissues obtained from DH rats compared to control. There was no significant difference in the renal (P)RR mRNA levels between DH rats and control. These findings suggest that water deprivation may elevate the renal full-length (P)RR levels via reducing the expression of furin. Increased full-length (P)RR may contribute to the up-regulation of the renal renin-angiotensin system and the production of concentrated urine under dehydration.
  • Xingli Zou, Xiaojing Lin, Wenfeng Luo, Jin Wei
    原稿種別: Regular Contribution
    2016 年 239 巻 3 号 p. 193-202
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2016/06/29
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    Allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (allo-PBSCT) is a curative therapy for some types of hematological disorders. However, allo-PBSCT is commonly complicated with acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD), characterized by host tissues being attacked by the grafted donor lymphocytes due to disparities of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) between the donor and host. By contrast, cord blood transplantation (CBT) is typically associated with low-grade severity of aGVHD, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Donor-derived CD4+ alloreactive T cells (ATs) are of a specific lymphocyte subset, which can be activated by the recipient’s HLA, and play a crucial role in the onset of aGVHD. In the present study, we aimed to explore the difference in the property of CD4+ ATs between cord blood (CB) and adult peripheral blood (APB). We thus found that CB and APB CD4+ ATs contained not only effector T cells (Teffs) that execute aGVHD, but also a distinct subset of FoxP3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) that may alleviate aGVHD. Importantly, CB CD4+ ATs contained higher percentage of FoxP3+ Tregs, compared to APB CD4+ ATs (P < 0.001), while lower percentage of Teffs (Th1, Th2 and Th17 cells) was detected in CB CD4+ ATs (P < 0.05, P < 0.001 and P < 0.05, respectively). Our findings suggest that FoxP3+ Tregs in CB CD4+ ATs may contribute to attenuating the severity of aGVHD observed after CBT.
  • Zhiguo Chen, Pengji Gao, Zongpeng Li
    原稿種別: Regular Contribution
    2016 年 239 巻 3 号 p. 203-211
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2016/07/08
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    G protein-coupled receptor 56 (GPR56) is an atypical G protein-coupled receptor, with the long extracellular N-terminus. GPR56 can trigger various downstream signaling responsible for cell survival, proliferation, adhesion, and migration. Expression of GPR56 is associated with cell malignant transformation and tumor cell metastasis in several carcinomas such as melanoma and glioma. Osteosarcoma is the most common malignant bone tumor in adolescents and young adults with high metastasis tendency. The overall survival of osteosarcoma is unsatisfied, partially due to the lacking of predictive markers for metastasis and overall prognosis. This study aimed at figuring out whether expression of the GPR56 was associated with clinicopathological features of osteosarcoma. Eighty-nine patients who received osteosarcoma operation between March 2004 and February 2011 in Linyi People’s Hospital were recruited. Immunohistochemical staining (IHC) was carried out to identify the expression of GPR56 in those osteosarcoma tissues, and our cohort was divided into higher-expression group and lower-expression group according to the cut-off of IHC score. Expression of GPR56 in osteosarcoma tissues was correlated with the TNM stage and overall survival. Univariate and multivariate analysis showed that GPR56 could act as an independent prognosis factor for osteosarcoma. Western blot results demonstrated that GPR56-siRNA down-regulated the expression of GTP-RhoA and Ki67. GTP-RhoA participates in the cell migration process, while Ki67 plays important roles in cell proliferation, indicating GPR56 may function in tumor development. Correspondingly, we show that GPR56 regulates the proliferation and invasion capacity of osteosarcoma cells. Our study has revealed the prognostic value of GPR56 expression in osteosarcoma.
  • Natsuko Iwashita, Noriko Nara, Ryosuke Sato, Tomoyori Nakatogawa, Shun ...
    原稿種別: Regular Contribution
    2016 年 239 巻 3 号 p. 213-221
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2016/07/08
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    Elevated levels of arginine vasopressin (AVP) have been reported to be involved in the pathogenesis of heart failure (HF). Recent evidence has shown the role of copeptin, the C-terminal fragment of pro-AVP, as a biomarker in patients with HF. However, the relevant information is still limited. Therefore, we evaluated 39 Japanese patients admitted for HF between 2013 and 2015 (23 males and 16 females with an average age of 79.2 years). They were treated according to the Japanese acute HF guideline. Plasma copeptin levels were measured on admission and about 1 week later. The median plasma copeptin levels on admission were 0.5 (0.1-50.6) pmol/L, higher than the normal values (0.24 ± 0.06 pmol/L). Despite the similar clinical severity on admission, the patients showed great variability in plasma copeptin levels. They were divided into three groups (13 patients/group) according to plasma copeptin levels on admission: highest (> 30.8 pmol/L), midrange, and lowest (< 0.2 pmol/L) groups. Initial treatment improved HF symptoms in 37 of 39 patients, with the two unresponsive patients in the lowest group. Notably, plasma copeptin responses to initial treatment were different, depending on admission copeptin levels. The initial treatment significantly decreased copeptin levels in the highest group, but increased copeptin levels in the lowest group. By contrast, patients in the midrange group showed no significant changes. Thus, the treatment appears to restore the plasma copeptin levels. In conclusion, HF is a complex syndrome with the differential integration of stimulatory and inhibitory inputs to the AVP/copeptin secretory system.
Case
  • Mari Yamasue, Shin-ichi Nureki, Hiroyuki Matsumoto, Takamasa Kan, Take ...
    原稿種別: Case
    2016 年 239 巻 3 号 p. 223-230
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2016/07/09
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    Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is a rare systemic disorder characterized by recurrent, widespread chondritis of the auricular, nasal, and tracheal cartilages. IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a systemic immune-mediated disease characterized by the infiltration of IgG4-bearing plasma cells into systemic organs. Although 25% to 35% of patients with RP have a concurrent autoimmune disease, coexistence of RP and IgG4-RD is rare. We herein report a case of RP complicated by IgG4-RD. A 63-year-old man developed recurrent bilateral ear pain and swelling, recurrent blurred and decreased vision, and migratory multiple joint pain, sequentially within one year. Fourteen months after the first symptom, he experienced dry cough and dyspnea with exertion. A computed tomography (CT) scan detected interstitial pneumonia, swelling of bilateral submandibular glands, bilateral hilar and mediastinal lymphadenopathy, and several nodules in bilateral kidneys. His serum levels of IgG and IgG4 were elevated. The biopsy specimen of auricular cartilage showed infiltrations of inflammatory cells and fibrosis consistent with RP. The IgG4-positive cells were not observed in auricular cartilage. The patient met the diagnostic criteria of RP, including bilateral auricular chondritis, conjunctivitis, iritis and polyarthritis. The biopsy specimens of lung and kidney revealed the significant infiltrations of IgG4-positive plasma cells and fibrosis. We also diagnosed him as having IgG4-RD, affecting bilateral submandibular glands, hilar and mediastinal lymph nodes, lungs, and kidneys. Thus, RP preceded the onset of IgG4-RD. Corticosteroid therapy improved the symptoms and CT scan findings. In conclusion, RP and IgG4-RD do coexist; however, the pathogenesis of their coexistence is unknown.
  • Daiki Kondo, Atsuko Noguchi, Hiroaki Tamura, Satoko Tsuchida, Ikuko Ta ...
    原稿種別: Case
    2016 年 239 巻 3 号 p. 231-235
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2016/07/09
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    Nucleotide excision repair (NER) is an essential biological pathway protecting against ultraviolet light-induced DNA damage. Deficient NER causes a group of rare genetic disorders including two autosomal recessive diseases, xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) and Cockayne syndrome (CS). In addition to the cutaneous photosensitivity shared in XP and CS, CS is featured by growth failure, neurological deterioration, microcephaly, and deep sunken eyes. XP/CS complex is an extremely rare type of NER disorder with a distinct phenotype that is characterized by the skin and eye pathology of XP and the somatic and neurological abnormalities of CS. Some of CS cases have been reported to be complicated with renal failure, but the genetic background or the etiology of the renal failure has not been reported. We herein report a 1-year-old Japanese boy with XP/CS complex, complicated by nephrotic syndrome. Diagnosis was confirmed by the presence of compound heterozygous mutations, G47R (c.139G>A) and R616G (c.1846C>G), in the excision repair cross-complementation group 2 (ERCC2) gene. The kidney biopsies, performed at the age of 1 year and 2 months, revealed diffuse expansion of the mesangial matrix and segmental glomerulosclerosis under light microscopy, and diffused thin capillary walls with partially lamellated regions under electron microscopy. Notably, high levels of urinary 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosin, known as an oxidative stress marker, were observed during the clinical course. The patient died at the age of 1 year and 11 months because of renal failure. We suggest the involvement of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of nephrotic syndrome in NER disorders.
Regular Contribution
  • Katsunori Iijima, Tomoyuki Koike, Yasuhiko Abe, Shuichi Ohara, Tooru S ...
    原稿種別: Regular Contribution
    2016 年 239 巻 3 号 p. 237-241
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2016/07/12
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    Gastric acid secretion levels are an important determinant of the manifestation of acid-related upper GI diseases such as gastroesophageal reflux disease. We recently reported that gastric acid secretion levels did not change from the 1990s to 2010s in H. pylori-negative asymptomatic Japanese outpatients with a mean age of 63 years old. However, because young people have a quite different lifestyle, including dietary pattern, from elderly people in Japan, it is worth investigating any chronologic changes in gastric acid secretion in younger generations. The aim of this analysis is to investigate the potential changes in gastric acid secretion from 1995 to 2014 in young Japanese healthy volunteers. Eighty-eight young Japanese healthy volunteers under the age of 40 with a mean age of 26 were extracted from a database accumulated from 1995 to 2014 for the present analysis. Their gastrin-stimulated gastric acid level was determined with the endoscopic gastrin test. In 76 H. pylori-negative subjects, gastric acid secretion levels showed a significant positive correlation with the calendar year when the test was performed (r = 0.27, p < 0.01). A similar trend was observed in 12 H. pylori-positive subjects. A chronological 5-year time period showed a significant positive association with gastric acid secretion in univariate and multivariate analyses (p < 0.01 and p = 0.01, respectively). Gastric acid secretion levels have been increasing in young Japanese healthy volunteers during the last 20 years. We need to monitor future trends in the prevalence of acid-related diseases such as gastro-esophageal reflux disease in Japan.

Review
  • JongEun Yim
    原稿種別: Review
    2016 年 239 巻 3 号 p. 243-249
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2016/07/16
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    In modern society, fierce competition and socioeconomic interaction stress the quality of life, causing a negative influence on a person’s mental health. Laughter is a positive sensation, and seems to be a useful and healthy way to overcome stress. Laughter therapy is a kind of cognitive-behavioral therapies that could make physical, psychological, and social relationships healthy, ultimately improving the quality of life. Laughter therapy, as a non-pharmacological, alternative treatment, has a positive effect on the mental health and the immune system. In addition, laughter therapy does not require specialized preparations, such as suitable facilities and equipment, and it is easily accessible and acceptable. For these reasons, the medical community has taken notice and attempted to include laughter therapy to more traditional therapies. Decreasing stress-making hormones found in the blood, laughter can mitigate the effects of stress. Laughter decreases serum levels of cortisol, epinephrine, growth hormone, and 3,4-dihydrophenylacetic acid (a major dopamine catabolite), indicating a reversal of the stress response. Depression is a disease, where neurotransmitters in the brain, such as norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin, are reduced, and there is something wrong in the mood control circuit of the brain. Laughter can alter dopamine and serotonin activity. Furthermore, endorphins secreted by laughter can help when people are uncomfortable or in a depressed mood. Laughter therapy is a noninvasive and non-pharmacological alternative treatment for stress and depression, representative cases that have a negative influence on mental health. In conclusion, laughter therapy is effective and scientifically supported as a single or adjuvant therapy.

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