横幹
Online ISSN : 2189-6399
Print ISSN : 1881-7610
ISSN-L : 1881-7610
5 巻 , 1 号
ミニ特集「人間工学分野における横幹的取り組み」
選択された号の論文の12件中1~12を表示しています
目次
巻頭言
解説: ミニ特集「人間工学分野における横幹的取り組み」
  • 青木 和夫
    2011 年 5 巻 1 号 p. 3-6
    発行日: 2011年
    公開日: 2016/02/26
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    Ergonomics is defined as “the scientific discipline concerned with the understanding of interactions among human and other element of a system.” The principle of ergonomics is to design a system as human-centered manner, and the most important concepts of ergonomics are; 1) the system concept, 2) load-effect concept, 3) usability and 4) accessibility. These concepts are applied to almost all field of system design which involves one or more human beings. In this paper, some case studies are shown to which the concepts of ergonomics are applied in various field and ergonomics has almost similar goal and discipline with Transdisciplinary Science and Technology.
  • 鈴木 浩明
    2011 年 5 巻 1 号 p. 7-12
    発行日: 2011年
    公開日: 2016/02/26
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    Railways are a major and well-used transport systems in Japan. Ergonomic studies have been conducted since the establishment of the Railway Labor Science Institute in 1963. The main purpose of applying the ergonomic approach to railway transport is for improvements in passenger/ employee safety and comfort. This paper outlines a brief history and recent topics to this methodology. In particular, we focus on a transdisciplinary approach in cooperation with other appropriate research fields, such as safety equipment, vehicle dynamics, architecture and information technology. Major topics discussed will include: joint studies with train protection systems on human error prevention, with vehicle dynamics on passengers’ motion and injuries caused by train collisions and riding comfort evaluations.
  • パイロットと航空交通管制官とをつなぐインタフェースについて
    垣本 由紀子
    2011 年 5 巻 1 号 p. 13-17
    発行日: 2011年
    公開日: 2016/02/26
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    In this document, interfaces between pilots in a cockpit and Air Traffic Controllers (ATC) are discussed using the aircraft accident investigation reports by Japan Transport Safety Board. Specially in the case of near midair collision, TCAS (Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System) RA (Resolution Advisory) issued both in aircraft A and aircraft B, but ATC could not get TCAS information through their radar system. So possibility of TCAS data downlink from aircraft to radar display in ATC was discussed. Simultaneously usability of reminders in ATC system was discussed. There existed some gaps between controllers working position and the displays of reminders.
  • 福住 伸一
    2011 年 5 巻 1 号 p. 18-23
    発行日: 2011年
    公開日: 2016/02/26
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    This paper introduces some examples of application of human centered design (HCD) process to software products, especially human interface. We applied HCD to three types of products, which user characteristics are different. And to apply HCD to software development project easily, we added HCD process concept and UI guideline to a development standard for System Integration (SI).
  • 佐川 賢, 倉片 憲治, 横井 孝志
    2011 年 5 巻 1 号 p. 24-29
    発行日: 2011年
    公開日: 2016/02/26
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    “Accessible design” is an emerging design method of products, services and environments. It takes into account special requirements of older persons and persons with disabilities in the design process and, thereby, maximizes the number of their potential users. In the design process, ergonomic knowledge and human-ability/characteristic data of those target users play a crucial role. This paper reviews the development of accessible-design methods in a variety of fields such as user-interface design of consumer products and shows how ergonomic knowledge and data can be used effectively. It also focuses on relevant activities of international standardization in Technical Committee 159 “Ergonomics” of International Organization for Standardization.
論説
  • 木村 英紀
    2011 年 5 巻 1 号 p. 30-36
    発行日: 2011年
    公開日: 2016/02/26
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    System plays a key role in contemporary world. The world is now at the age of systems in which systems in various kinds play crucial roles in every aspect of human life. If we think that the innovation is an advent of a new life style due to the advance of sciences and technology, the system building must be a key factor of innovation. Therefore, systems science and technology must lead the innovation. In this article, we advocate the importance and implication of systems sciences and technology in the process of realizing innovation. The notion of systems buliding strategic research (SBSR) which was proposed by JST as a powerful device to promote systems science and technology is fully discussed. It is emphasized that SBSR can provide a good platform for the collaboration of various disciplines and rational decision making in the planning stage of systems building projects. Systems science and technology has many distinguishable characteristics which the other traditional sciences and technology do not share. Its real achievements cannot be presented in a concrete form. Its message is always represented as an abstract and invisible theory. So, it needs some special consideration to appreciate the importance of its result. The relevance of systems science and technology to a new growth strategy is discussed extensively.
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