This study aimed to qualitatively clarify the subjective effect of adding music to promote long-term care preventive exercises. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 18 participants who are undergoing long-term care preventive exercises with music in Town A. The data were analyzed using the KJ method. The results indicated three subjective effects: 1)the subjective effect of addition of music, 2) the subjective effect on long-term care preventive exercises, and 3) the subjective effect of community activities of the older residents. The subjective effects of addition of music, long-term care preventive exercises, and community activities of older residents interacted with and promoted each other. These results indicate that adding music promotes the effect of long-term care preventive exercises. Adding music is also useful for establishing and maintaining the community activities of older residents.
The purpose of this study was to prototype a scale for grasping clumsiness of junior high school students and to examine its reliability and validity. First, a questionnaire was conducted for teachers to extract question items, and then a questionnaire was created by following the steps when creating question items for this scale. After that, we conducted this survey on clumsiness among 692 first and second graders (1st grade; 349, 165 boys, 184 girls: 2nd grade; 343, 165 boys, 178 girls) enrolled in A junior high school.
As a result, a clumsiness scale consisting of 19 items of 4 factors of "ball skill", "fine movement", "general coordination", and "Physical sensory insufficiency motor ability" was constructed. This scale showed a constant α coefficient and retest reliability coefficient, and generally sufficient internal consistency was confirmed. In addition, among the exercise competence scales, the exercise competence / exercise control feeling and the sports commitment scale were used to examine the criteria-related validity of clumsiness scale, and it was confirmed that they had a certain validity. We examined the prospects for future research using the last developed scale. It is expected that the use of this scale at school sites in the future will help students with physical awkwardness to understand their feelings of trouble and provide specific support.
The recent increase in Japan’s employment rate compels improvements in the knowledge and skills of support workers to ensure smooth transitions to corporate employment for persons with disabilities. The study aimed to clarify the degree of self-perceived knowledge and skills of employees at work support centres for persons with disabilities. The Japanese version of the Self-Assessment for Students or Counsellors (SASC-J) comprising 80 items was distributed among 328 support workers in Japan. The results show that knowledge and skills related to the subsystems of employment and placement, useful for transitioning to corporate employment, were low among participants. Professional training opportunities for vocational rehabilitation must be enhanced to build more stable knowledge and skills for work supporters at such sheltered workshop centres in Japan.
This study aimed to examine the lifestyle habits, and physical and mental health of older adults living in the Japanese communities in 2018-2020. A total of 257 older women who lived independently in a community participated in this study. The average age of the participants was 77.7±6.0 years. Participants were salon attendees. Cued recall and, one-leg standing with eyes open were measured and a questionnaire about daily life was administered to the participants. During the two-year study period measurements were taken once a year. The 2020 record for cued recall showed a statistically significant difference compared to 2019, and the 2020 record for one-leg standing with eyes open showed a statistically significant difference compared to the other two years. The Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic from the daily life questionnaire survey revealed that older adults recieved fewer opportunities for conversation. The COVID-19 pandemic has caused a decline in the physical and mental functions of older adults living in the community. Exercising while adopting measures against infection is considered highly necessary.
Supporting the career formation of persons with high-functioning autism (HFA) has not been sufficiently considered, even though support for their employment has been greatly encouraged. This study examines the key perspectives to support the career formation of persons with HFA. This was accomplished by analyzing the career history and work environment of a person with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study identified the significance of specific support actions in transition periods over the 10-year career of an individual, A, with ASD. This was achieved by analyzing their interview data using the KJ Method and Lifeline Method. The analyses showed that their conversation and informal assessment information shared by the supporter during the transition period enabled A to develop self-understanding. Furthermore, it precipitated his consideration of a career. The analysis also showed A was experiencing over-adaptation caused by the overbearing nature of his supervisor and consequently experienced a mental upset, decreasing engagement at work. Employers must recognize the necessity of supporting persons with ASD in maintaining their mental health to encourage career growth and development.