Parents, particularly mothers, of children with disabilities often experience mental stress. Various interventions have been used to reduce stress and increase support. As regular physical activity/exercise is beneficial for various health conditions, it could reduce stress in mothers. The purpose of this study was to clarify the physical health status of mothers of children with hearing loss. Participants were 10 mothers of children with hearing loss (mean age: mothers: 36.7 ± 3.3 years). Participants’ muscle strength, muscle endurance, flexibility, agility, and exercise tolerance were tested. Step counts were recorded using a triaxial accelerometer and amount of activity time was measured using metabolic equivalents (METs). Time spent on moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) ≥3.0 METs per day was assessed. Standing posture was determined using a photographic lateral view and classified according to Kendall’s posture types. Participants’ performance was compared with the national average for similar-aged women. There was no significant difference in muscle strength, muscle endurance, flexibility, and exercise tolerance. However, participants’ agility (p = 0.013) and number of daily steps (4,913 ± 1,414; p = 0.006) were significantly lower. MVPA time was 49.6 ± 22.8 minutes per day, 44.9 minutes of which were MVPA ≥3.0 METs. Some mothers exhibited a kyphotic posture, and most complained of shoulder stiffness and low back pain. The physical fitness of mothers of children with hearing loss was the same as the national average. Mothers should maintain their physical health by participating in more vigorous daily physical activity and increasing their awareness of posture.
A total of 31 hearing impaired students who were enrolled in higher education institutions underwent assessment tests to examine their career development. As a result, Holland’s hexagon model, based on occupation selection theory, was largely confirmed, and the vocational interests of hearing-impaired students were presumed to have almost the same structure as those of hearing students. However, in some cases, that model was not confirmed, and the background suggests the existence of a view on occupations specific to the hearing impaired. It was also suggested that students with cochlear implant could delay career development. In the future, we will improve the measure and investigate the problem again using prospective longitudinal studies.
The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the one-day stress load between the users and providers of day service.
The subjects were 2 users (a man in his 50s with right hemiplegia and a man in his 70s with Parkinson's disease syndrome) and 2 providers (a physical therapist and manager, a man in his 40s and a nurse, a woman in her 40s). A salivary amylase monitor was used for measurement, which objectively measures stress based on the activity value of salivary amylase. The subjects underwent measurements of salivary amylase activity at the time of arrival at the facility (baseline) and continued to undergo measurements every 15 minutes thereafter until they returned home. In addition, there was a meal break from 12:00 to 14:00, leading to a possibility that the secretion in saliva was changed by the meal had; thus, it was excluded from the measured value. In order to confirm the stress load of users and providers, Welch’s t-test was performed with the user and target as independent variables and the values obtained by dividing each measured value by the baseline value as the dependent variables. The significance level was 5%.
There was a significant difference in the salivary amylase activity between users of day service and providers (p <0.05).
This study revealed that providers’ stress is higher than users’ stress, and providers’ stress increased with team meetings and patient transfers. This study suggests the importance of stress management for providers.
Vocational assessment is important in work support because it can provide guidance in support. This paper investigates the actual situation of vocational assessment for the person with intellectual disability at the Employment and Livelihood Support Center for the Disabilities. As a result, at the Employment and Livelihood Support Center for Persons with Disabilities, observation and evaluation were conducted in consultation interviews and workplace training, etc., rather than in standardized testing tools. Therefore, skills to integrate information from various assessments were considered necessary. In addition, the necessity of feedback to promote self-understanding and the lack of manpower in conducting assessments were identified. In order to solve these problems, multi-disciplinary cooperation was considered to be necessary. It was concluded that it was necessary to examine the training which improves the skill of the information integration of the supporter and multi-disciplinary cooperation.
In order to form a symbiotic society in Japan and to realize inclusive education, which is an idea to learn together regardless of disability, it is urgent to actively hire teachers with disabilities even at school. However, since research on faculty with disabilities is said to have been conducted since the fiscal year 2019 onward, the actual situation has been investigated. And the current situation and issues regarding the employment of faculty with disabilities are almost unclear.
Therefore, in this study, based on the viewpoint of improving the QOL (Quality of Life) of teachers with disabilities, we analyze the previous studies related to the employment of persons with disabilities at schools in Japan, and clarify the current situation and academic issues regarding the employment of teachers with disabilities.
As a result of the analysis, many previous studies have been found in the area of "employment stability", but they also point out the current situation and it was revealed that further studies are needed. Moreover, in the "physical and mental health" area and the "life stability" area, there were very few cases applicable, and it became clear that research was not progressing.