The cycle of flood and drought in Thailand have become a serious problem recently. Yom River Basin is one of the major basins in Thailand which always face with this cycle. Since there is no large reservoir for water management in Yom River basin, it causes the serious effect in this area. Bueng Takreng is one of a natural reservoir located in Phitsanulok Province in Lower Yom River Basin. The potential capacity used is 14.0 million m3. The area around Bueng Takreng is the important wetland area. The water flow network in Bueng Takreng area consists of 5 small canals and 3 more small reservoirs, excluding Bueng Takreng. The maximum water level in this area is between September to October and the surrounded agricultural areas will be flooded and destroyed. However, severe drought occurs within 3-4 months after flood. Therefore, this study aims to propose the alternatives for the development of wetland management in Bueng Takreng area. The satellite map of 2011 Thailand flood is used to understand the flood generation during flood peak period. Then, the result of 4 parts; engineering, environment, social, and economics effects are considered. The alternative with better benefits to the residents is recommended.
Sabah Wetlands Conservation Society (SWCS) is a non-governmental organization initiating in promoting wetlands conservation and awareness implemented through Kota Kinabalu Wetlands (KKW) as a model wetlands centre in Sabah. The SWCS management committee consists of elected members and ex-officio from relevant government agencies and WWF-Malaysia. Since 2010, SWCS also in collaboration with Sabah Forestry Department aim to conserve more degraded mangrove area around Sabah. KKW is a 24 hectares of mangrove area located within 2km north-east of Kota Kinabalu city. Due to the accessibility and its location within the urban area of Kota Kinabalu city, the conservation efforts to this natural ecosystem creates opportunities and pose a different challenges compared with remote areas. KKW was nominated as a Ramsar Site in 2013 and is currently pursuing Ramsar status as Wetlands of International Importance. This paper describes the crucial timeline of KKW, the introduction of SWCS management, efforts for biodiversity conservation and mangrove restoration, awareness activity through environmental education and voluntary programme as well as the achievements and challenges encountered over the past 20 years.