Edmund Burke seems to be a thinker who was one of critics to the modern social contract theory. But he had the idea of social contract. I think he did not deny the theory of social contract itself. This paper aims to reconstruct his theory from some writings and speeches. To do it, it is necessary to articulate the relation of civil society and civilized society in his thought, and to make clear how he understood the natural state. It seems to me that these arguments show the natures and conditions of modern government in his thought.
Burke's “A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful” should be read as the expression of his religion as has been asserted by F. P. Lock, Ian Harris and others. We can see his religion in “A Note-Book of Edmund Burke”, in which he says “Hence Moral Duties are included in Religion, and enforced by it”. Religion enforces men to perform their moral duties. The sublime is almost equivalent to the feeling of divine or delightful horror to the power of God. Burke tried to remind us of the fear to God through his discourse on the sublime. In this point, we can say that Burke revolted against the 18th century when the God of Justice was stepping back to the scenery of this world.