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全文: "キンドゥ"
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  • 安渓 遊地
    民族學研究
    1984年 49 巻 2 号 169-173
    発行日: 1984/09/30
    公開日: 2018/03/27
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 梶 茂樹
    アフリカ研究
    1991年 1991 巻 38 号 1-15
    発行日: 1991/03/31
    公開日: 2010/04/30
    ジャーナル フリー
    Among the Lega, who occupy a vast forest area in the eastern part of Zaïre, we sometimes find a cord suspended in the meeting house of a village. On that cord (mutánga in Lega), such trifle things as a leaf, a charcoal, teeth of a dog, a feather of a cock, miniatures of an ax, a stick, etc. are fastened. We may take them for mere rubbish, but in reality each of them corresponds to a proverb. For example, teeth of a dog are tied to that cord to show the proverb saying “the teeth of a dog shine, but they eat dirty things”. Indeed, a man can not be judged by externals; an amiable person may be black-hearted.
    The author, during his stay in Hombo-Otobora area in North and South Kivu Regions in 1989, had opportunities to study this visual way of showing proverbs. The population among whom he made research is called Balega-Bakano. They are said to be of Bahavu origin, seem to speek a genuine Lega, though many of them are bilingual with Tembo.
    Analysing the mutánga which an informant made for the author, a total of 48 proverbs are described in this paper. Of the suspended objects, about 70% are natural and the rest are manufactured.
    In analysis, we realize how carefully the Lega observe the things, natural or artificial, around them. They see into the nature of a thing, and express it in a proverb by alluding to human affaires.
    The Lega can be characterized as a “proverb people”, who assert that one can not speak without knowledge of the proverb. In that point, mutánga which “strings proverbs”, should be an essence of the Lega spiritual world.
  • 安溪 遊地
    アフリカ研究
    1982年 1982 巻 21 号 1-56
    発行日: 1982/03/30
    公開日: 2010/04/30
    ジャーナル フリー
    A field survey in collaboration with the Institut de Recherche Scientifique was carried out near Kindu and Baraka, Région du Kivu, République du Zaïre (Sep. 1979-Feb. 1980).
    Folk-knowledge of the fish is described in detail for the two areas. The author identified 99 species from the Zaïre River and 97 species from Lake Tanganyika.
    Songola fishermen (Enya group) along the Zaïre River had 108 vernacular names and 12 inclusive folk categories of the fish, consisting of six levels of categorization. There existed 18 series of fishes, in which one fish has two to four different vernacular names according to its life-cycle stages (L. S. fish). All L. S. fishes of the Enya group were large-sized fishes and their names changed by growth size. This fact was probably in accordance with the mesh sizes of traditional fishnets.
    Bwari fishermen of northern Tanganyika had 79 vernacuar names and 4 inclusive folk categories, consisting of three levels. There existed 8 L. S. fishes. They were diverse in body size and a small clupeid NDAGAA, one of the most abundant and important fishes for the Lake Tanganyika fishermen, had as many as four life-cycle stages according to its market price.
    Thus, Lake Tanganyika fishermen had a simpler system of folk-taxonomy of the fish than the Zaïre River fishermen. This differrence might be understood by the difference in the composition of the fish fauna of the two areas; in Lake Tanganyika while small-sized cichlid species (called inclusively as LENDA by the Bwari) are dominant, NDAGAA prevails in the catch.
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