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全文: "コルシカ島"
128件中 1-20の結果を表示しています
  • 桂 真昭
    日本草地学会九州支部会報
    2001年 31 巻 1 号 66-70
    発行日: 2001/01/31
    公開日: 2010/08/25
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 長谷川 秀樹
    Revue japonaise de didactique du français
    2014年 9 巻 1-2 号 209-224
    発行日: 2014/09/15
    公開日: 2017/10/14
    ジャーナル フリー
    2013年5月,コルシカ議会はフランス語とコルシカ語の併用公用語規定を採択した。本稿ではこの併用公用語概念とそれに伴うコルシカ島における地域的言語政策について詳述するものである。はじめにコルシカ島における二言語あるいは多言語状況について通史的に説明したのち,1970年代に「方言」から「地域語」としてのコルシカ語の概念が形成され,それと同時に二言語主義が掲げられた状況について言及する。次に,二言語主義と併用公用語の差異について,主にフランスの社会言語学者で併用公用語概念を初めて用いたジャン=バプチスト・マルセルジの論考を事例に説明する。最後に当初の併用公用語概念と今回規定として成立した言語政策としての併用公用語の差異について明らかにし,地名等の分野では二言語よりもコルシカ語の単一言語化,公務員の人事等におけるコルシカ語の優位がみられることを結論する。
  • 平島 崇男, 坂野 昇平
    日本地質学会学術大会講演要旨
    1987年 1987 巻
    発行日: 1987/04/02
    公開日: 2017/08/25
    会議録・要旨集 フリー
  • 長谷川 秀樹
    島嶼研究
    2001年 2001 巻 2 号 1-19
    発行日: 2001年
    公開日: 2010/04/30
    ジャーナル フリー
    French constitutional thinking after the Revolution is based on the concept of the “Republic, ” including principles of the “unity of the French People, ” the “indivisibility of the Republic, ” “individualism, ” “equality” and “laicism.” The process of modern capitalistic development was directed by a strong centralized bureaucracy. Corsica, an island situated on the periphery of the republic, became increasingly marginalized.
    Under Mitterrand's decentralization policy, mid-level “regional” local governments were created and given some of the State's authority, however, this process did not change the fundamental nature of the French Republic. Corsica was designated as a region with a special status, which legitimated policies promoting Corsican culture and regional identity, such as educational programs, or broadcasting in the Corsican language.
    Moreover, with the institutional reform of 1991, Corsica was designated as a “cultural and historic community, composing the French people.” However that was in conflict with the Republican principles.
    In July 2000, the French government proposed to give partial legislative power to Corsica and to introduce compulsory regional language classes into Corsican elementary schools and kindergartens. However, if these projects are adopted, the French Republican Constitution would need to be amended. For this reason, many Republicans are strongly opposed.
    In either case, the French Republic itself is going to lose its legitimacy in the process of European integration based on the principles of subsidiarity and pluralism. We can conclude that actual Corsican reform is an opportunity to change the “unitary Republic” into the “plural Republic.”
  • 地学雑誌
    1900年 12 巻 4 号 242
    発行日: 1900/04/15
    公開日: 2010/12/22
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 地学雑誌
    1900年 12 巻 4 号 248
    発行日: 1900/04/15
    公開日: 2010/12/22
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 前川 聡, Stephan Wachtel
    風力エネルギー
    2009年 33 巻 3 号 21-24
    発行日: 2009年
    公開日: 2014/02/01
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 上村 清, 稲岡 徹, 堀尾 政博, 中村 正聡, 倉橋 弘, M. Afzal
    衛生動物
    2003年 54 巻 2 号 214-
    発行日: 2003/06/15
    公開日: 2016/08/07
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
  • 塩田 恒三, 山田 稔, 有薗 直樹, 齋藤 卓也
    衛生動物
    2003年 54 巻 2 号 214-
    発行日: 2003/06/15
    公開日: 2016/08/07
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
  • 横山 又次郎
    地学雑誌
    1895年 7 巻 1 号 24-27
    発行日: 1895/01/25
    公開日: 2010/10/13
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 地学雑誌
    1900年 12 巻 4 号 247a-248
    発行日: 1900/04/15
    公開日: 2010/12/22
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 地学雑誌
    1900年 12 巻 4 号 242a-243
    発行日: 1900/04/15
    公開日: 2010/12/22
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 地学雑誌
    1900年 12 巻 4 号 248a-249
    発行日: 1900/04/15
    公開日: 2010/12/22
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 長谷川 秀樹
    島嶼研究
    2000年 2000 巻 1 号 35-60
    発行日: 2000年
    公開日: 2010/04/30
    ジャーナル フリー
    The “region”, sub-national entity in Europe, plays some more important roles in a place of Nation-States in a context of European integration. However, “island regions” around European Continent have a risk to be more marginalised by the economic integration advanced by the central regions. The island region in Europe has a special socio-economic backwardness caused by its remoteness from the Continent and this special character is called “insularity”.
    Political autonomy is, I think, one of the best choices that activate an island region without delete its insularity. Thus European insular regions have a special status that is different from the regions in the Continent, that rules their political autonomy. However, there are many cases that island regions have a heterogeneous historic-cultural fact and a strong identity that could appeal to nationalism or separatism from the mainland country. So that autonomous status of island region in Europe is not homogeneous.
    Corsica, Mediterranean island region that belongs to France, has not been autonomous for a long time because of its special socio-political situations, Corsican nationalism and “clan”, one of patriarchal formations typically observed in some Mediterranean insular regions.
    In 1982, by the decentralization policies of socialist President Mitterrand, France was reorganized into 22 more autonomous “regions” from the “prefecture” whose prefect has been nominated by the Ministry of Interior, French administrative. Corsica was ruled by an act as a region with a special status. The Regional Assembly of Corsica consisted of 61 representatives elected by the islanders was created in this year and could vote projects of program on mainly Corsican linguistic and cultural education of a supplemental course in a school, regional transportation and development of new energy. The regional administration of Corsica could exert these programs.
    However, instability in the Regional Assembly because of lack of a strong core party and frequent elections, shortage of competence or finance of the Region of Corsica caused their dysfunction and discredit from the islanders.
    And in 1991, Corsican act was revised and Corsica changed a Territorial Collectivity, original local entity, from a region, common local entity. Though this renewal act defined Corsica as a “people”, Constitutional Council judged that this definition would be against the French Constitution that rules French national unity and its equality, and deleted Article 1 that contains this definition.
    However, Corsica was authorized to be more autonomous with an original competence. In addition to education and broadcasting of regional language and culture, special taxation and some economic development program are ceded to Corsica. And Corsican regional organization also was changed. Regional Assembly was divided into Corsican Territorial Assembly and Corsican Executive Council. The president and 6 members of Executive Council exert Corsican regional administrative and vote projects of budget and cultural and economic programs, and these members are elected from the representatives in the Territorial Assembly by election. Executive Councilors are obliged to make some annual reports on the executive situation and their results in the Assembly and to be credited by it. Thus after 1991, Corsica establishes its collegiality and responsibility for the smooth practice of the larger competence.
    It is doubtful whether Corsica has a political autonomy by the status reform in 1991. Because there is not any articles on Corsican status in the French Constitution though those of TOMs' status, French Overseas Islands, are in it, and those of Sicilian and Sardinian status are in the Italian Constitution. And Corsican Territorial Assembly can vote only motions, some taxation and programs of local cultural and economic development, but not any
  • 岡田 和夫
    蘇生
    1989年 7 巻 44-48
    発行日: 1989/04/20
    公開日: 2010/06/08
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 横尾
    人類學雜誌
    1937年 52 巻 5 号 177a-180
    発行日: 1937/05/15
    公開日: 2008/02/26
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 関 陽太郎
    岩石鉱物鉱床学会誌
    1958年 42 巻 5 号 227-238
    発行日: 1958/10/01
    公開日: 2008/08/07
    ジャーナル フリー
    Glaucophane problem, that is the origin of glaucophane schists has come recently to be one of the most important and attractive problems in petrology in the world. Here, (1) the mineralogical, petrographical and chemical properties of the glaucophane schists and (2) the historical outline of the investigation of glaucophane schists during the past one hundred years will be briefly described.
    It is pointed out that the hypothesis of “glaucophane schist facies” proposed by P. Eskola in 1929_??_ and 1939 has been recently proved through the geological and petrological studies on glaucophanitic regional metamorphic terrains in Corsica, Celebes and Japan and the experimental and thermodynamic studies performed by American petrologists during the past ten years.
  • 福井 英一郎
    地理
    1940年 3 巻 1 号 134-138
    発行日: 1940/01/01
    公開日: 2010/03/19
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 大北 彰子
    関西フランス語フランス文学
    2015年 21 巻 27-38
    発行日: 2015/03/31
    公開日: 2017/11/13
    ジャーナル フリー

     Mérimée donne-t-il de l’île de Corse, dans Colomba, l’image d’un « pays étranger »? Dans la mesure où son récit réemploie les motifs exotiques que la littérature française avait attribués à la Corse, l’écrivain paraît s’inscrire dans « l’horizon d’attente » du lecteur français de son temps. La question est cependant plus complexe si l’on se tourne vers les personnages principaux, et si l’on s’avise qu’aucun d’entre eux n’étant d’origine française, le texte n’offre aucune figure de médiateur entre la culture nationale et l’altérité d’un « pays étranger ». À quelle logique ce dispositif paradoxal obéit-il ? La clef de cette stratégie narrative paraît résider dans le terme « sauvage », investi dans trois occurrences significatives : le pays « sauvage » est fait pour séduire les touristes, Lydia apprécie la Corse « sauvage », et Orso est déchiré entre sa patrie « sauvage » et la civilisation. Le lecteur est ainsi invité à découvrir les aspects variés du pays. En outre, le narrateur extradiégétique ne reprend pas à son compte le terme « sauvage », laissant subsister une ambiguïté qui fait toute la profondeur de l’œuvre.

  • 長谷川 秀樹
    日仏社会学会年報
    1997年 6 巻 89-112
    発行日: 1997/03/31
    公開日: 2017/06/09
    ジャーナル フリー
    Le mouvement nationaliste corse se differencie de ceux en Europe occidentale, par exemple les cas du Pays basque et d'Ulster, qu'un groupe principal pouvant appeler au terrorisme et un Etat s'opposent. Dresser la genealogie du mouvement nationaliste corse, c'est mettre des differences entre celui en Corse et les autres en relief. Dans la premiere partie des annees 60, des etudiants corses qui apprenaient aux universites continentaux et intellectuels qui habitaient en Corse comme docteur, instructeur, commercant et avocat ont separement cree des groupes des etudes pour la defense economique corse. Leurs activites etaient si modestes que sociologue Alain Touraine les appelait "populisme". Dans la deuxieme partie de ce decennie, leurs groupes se sont concentres en deux groupes regionalistes pour l'autogestion des interets insulaire. Dans la premiere partie de decennie suivante, ils sont devenus autonomistes plus politiques et ont revendique une assemblee regionale avec le pouvoir legislatif. Mais des paysans corses supportant des autonomistes ont denime des pieds-noirs, rapatries algeriens et clans, couche traditionnellement politique en Corse etant intermediaire entre l'Etat et pieds-noirs, de sortir de l'ile. Quelques membres des groupes autonomistes ont attaque des equipements nationaux et des rapatries. Apres l'evenement d'Aleria en 1975, les paysans corses ont cree un groupe nationaliste your l'independance, d'autre part les membres ex-autonomistes ont reproche aux premiers leurs lutte nationale violente. Mais les ex-autonomistes ont revendique la reconnaissance du gouvemement francais du peuple corse comme une nation. Apres l'ouverture de l'Assemblee regionale de Corse, les nationalistes non violents y ont participe, et terroristes non participe. Mais la baisse du support des habitants et la repression du gouvernement ont oblige les deux groupes a se rapprocher dans l'assemblee. Dans les annees 90, des groupes nationalistes se sont dissocies en detail, et se combattent en armes. L'Etat francais, bien qu'il ait severement exerce des pression sur le mouvement corse, negociee avec un groupe clandestin. Les nationalistes corses ne sont plus contre l'Etat, ni necessairement pas indepentistes. L'objet qu'une fraction nationaliste attaque est une autre fraction opposante.
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