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  • 和田 廣
    オリエント
    1999年 42 巻 2 号 178-183
    発行日: 1999年
    公開日: 2010/03/12
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 渡邉 顕彦
    西洋古典学研究
    2010年 58 巻 74-86
    発行日: 2010/03/24
    公開日: 2017/05/23
    ジャーナル フリー
    P. CtYBR 4000 is a papyrus codex housed at the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library. It preserves over 300 lines of mostly unknown Greek verse, and Duttenhofer has dated its handwriting to within 275-350 AD. A group effort to record, analyze, and comment on its content has been ongoing for about a decade, and much advance has been made recently with Wilkinson taking the lead. Having been a member of this group, I will discuss the date, authorship, and metrical features of the codex, and will provide the text, translation and commentary of a previously unknown fragmentary epigram in order to illustrate the potential this document holds for future research. We have provisionally identified the author of the verses as Palladas of Alexandria due to the following reasons: 1)wo AP epigrams which researchers have hypothetical^ attributed to Palladas (IX. 127, 379) also occur in the codex, although with variant readings; 2)The scribe does not give authorial attribution to individual epigrams; 3)Certain stylistic details, such as meter, agree with what is found in known works by this poet. But since Palladas has traditionally been dated to late 4^<th> or even early 5^<th> century A.D., the discovery of his epigrams in a late 3^<rd>-early 4^<th> century manuscript is bound to raise controversy. Especially intriguing is the implication which the revised dating holds for our understanding of Constantine's religious policies, a topic which Wilkinson will explore in a forthcoming JRS article. The elegiac epigram partially preserved in 4 front Col. A: 12-17 is a political satire in dialogue form. Its language, meter, and content are a mixture of the classical and postclassical in a fashion characteristic of the known works of Palladas. After a detailed philological commentary, I will argue that due to its non-literary content, which includes mention of civil strife and official ambassadorship, its full appreciation requires an understanding of "documentary" subjects such as euergetism and provincial city politics in the late Empire. Classical reception is a field of study which may be applied with good results in the interpretation of this fragment, as it encourages the reader to become sensitive to the context of reception and allows one to see the epigram not as another example of late antique degeneracy but as an exciting attempt to innovatively engage with classical poetic tradition in a distinctly non-classical setting. P. CtYBR 4000, once fully recorded and annotated, may be expected to arouse the interest of specialists in a wide number of fields, not only in papyrology and Greek literature but also in history and even early Christian studies. The detailed analysis of a textual sample also leads me to suggest that the expanding field of classical reception may offer fresh viewpoints from which to consider and appreciate not only the rest of our codex but also the considerable Palladan corpus preserved in AP.
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