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  • 井谷 鋼造
    オリエント
    1988年 31 巻 2 号 125-139
    発行日: 1988年
    公開日: 2010/03/12
    ジャーナル フリー
  • バーバーの反乱をめぐって
    井谷 鋼造
    オリエント
    1987年 30 巻 1 号 1-20
    発行日: 1987/09/30
    公開日: 2010/03/12
    ジャーナル フリー
    After the death of Sultan ‘Ala’ al-Din Kayqubad I, his eldest son Ghiyath al-Din Kaykhusraw ascended the throne against his father's will and his supporters became powerful in Rum Saltanat of Saljuq dynasty. Among them Sa'd al-Din Köpek seized the greatest power and killed the late sultan's Ayyubid wife 'Adiliya, Kamal al-Din Kamyar, parwana and atabeg of Kaykhusraw, putting such persons in prison as the two sons of 'Adiliya, Qaymari the Kurdish chief, and Qayïr Khan the leader of Khwarazmian soldiers. These political events mean that the influence of the late sultan Kayqubad was to be removed during the first two years of Kaykhusraw's reign and as a result Kaykhusraw's Saltanat lost its military power.
    Then in autumn of 1240 the revolt of Baba happened in the basin of Euphrates and soon reached to the central parts of Anatolia. Rum Saltanat's troops were defeated four times and unable to suppress the revolt, while they were successful in capture of its charismatic leader Baba Ishaq Khariji and put him to death in Amasiya. The final battle was fought in the desert of Maliya near Qïrshahr and the followers of Baba, most of them Turkman nomads, were annihilated together with thier families and livestock. After the painful victory over the revolt of Baba, Kaykhusraw's Saltanat became more active than before in its military phase against the Khwarazmians and the Ayyubid maliks in Diyar Bakr.
    From the historical point of view the revolt of Baba was not the prelude to the approaching Mongol invasion, but its disastrous end led to the establishment of Kaykhusraw's power in Rum Saltanat.
  • 八木 久美子
    宗教研究
    2012年 85 巻 4 号 1138-1139
    発行日: 2012/03/30
    公開日: 2017/07/14
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 佐島 隆
    宗教研究
    2012年 85 巻 4 号 1137-1138
    発行日: 2012/03/30
    公開日: 2017/07/14
    ジャーナル フリー
  • -年代記の考察を通してみたルーム・セルジューク朝期の建築文化-
    川本 智史
    日本建築学会計画系論文集
    2009年 74 巻 637 号 697-702
    発行日: 2009/03/30
    公開日: 2009/11/24
    ジャーナル フリー
    This paper will investigate the relationship between the court ceremonies of the Rum Seljuk dynasty and architecture in medieval Anatolia. Until now, the study of the architectural history of the era has concentrated on the records and interpretations of visual elements such as ornamentation of buildings. Here, however, I will employ textual sources to reveal the functional elements of Rum Seljuk-era architecture. The text especially provides us detailed informations on court ceremonies, including descriptions of the buildings and spaces where they were conducted. The lack of written architectural documents in medieval Anatolia enhances the importance of the text.
  • 地域社会、都市的空間、トランスカルチュラル空間
    佐島 隆
    宗教研究
    2020年 94 巻 2 号 137-164
    発行日: 2020年
    公開日: 2020/12/30
    ジャーナル フリー

    本稿の目的は、アレヴィーという人々がトルコ国内の地域社会から都市部へもしくはトルコからドイツへと越境することによって生じるアレヴィーリキ(アレヴィーなるもの、アレヴィー主義)の変化について明らかにし、多文化社会や異なる価値体系の共存する社会の中で変化、調整、適合をしているアレヴィーリキを通して「越境と宗教」について考察することである。

    一九九六―二〇一八年までの臨地調査による観察や資料収集から得たデータを中心にして、トルコのアレヴィーやドイツのアレヴィーのトルコ系移民の動向やアレヴィーリキの変化を明らかにしたい。

    アレヴィーリキは宗教とも文化とも考えられ、明確ではない。伝統的と考えられるアレヴィーリキが、イスラームやキリスト教の卓越する「多文化」社会(トランスカルチュラルな空間)、都市的社会、世俗主義社会などの社会的政治的環境のなかで、調整、適合、変化させ、持続、存続する様態を明らかにする。

  • 給養台帳 MM1971 の分析を手掛かりに
    今野 毅
    オリエント
    2017年 59 巻 2 号 162-181
    発行日: 2017/03/31
    公開日: 2020/04/01
    ジャーナル フリー

    This paper investigates the number and proportion of levends (irregular soldiers) and Arnavud (Albanian) soldiers in the Ottoman military organizations. It is known that from the 17th century the numbers of levends and Arnavud soldiers in Ottoman military organizations gradually increased and they came to play an extremely important role, but little is known concretely about their number and proportion in those Ottoman military organizations.

      MM1971 is a ta‘yinât register (ration and allowance register) from the Ottoman Danube and Sava Campaign of 1692. My analysis of that register shows that many levends and Arnavud soldiers were mobilized for the campaign.

      The total number of the Rûmeli (the Ottoman Balkan province) governor’s troops and frontier garrisons that joined the campaign reached a minimum of 15,478–17,055 men. About 9,953–10,656 of them were levends, accounting for about 64.3–62.4% of the total. Furthermore, the number of the levends is also a minimum, because MM1971 does not mention the number of some levends mobilized from Anatolia and Syria. The number of Janissaries sent from Istanbul to the front line in the middle and the second half of the 17th century is estimated at approximately 10,000, and from the above it is reasonable to suppose that the number of all mobilized levends was even greater.

      The number and proportion of Arnavud soldiers deduced from the analysis of MM1971 indicates their immense importance in Ottoman military organizations. The total number of Arnavud soldiers in the campaign was 8,261–8,881, of whom 7,064–7,119 were levends. Thus, Arnavud soldiers accounted for 53.3–52.0% of the total number of combatants, and 70.9–66.8% of the total number of levends were Arnavud levends.

  • 吉村 貴之
    現代史研究
    2008年 54 巻 35-51
    発行日: 2008/12/26
    公開日: 2018/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 藤波 伸嘉
    日本中東学会年報
    2009年 25 巻 1 号 55-82
    発行日: 2009/07/15
    公開日: 2018/03/30
    ジャーナル フリー
    Vocational representation (temsil-i mesleki) attracted attention when the "1921 Constitution (Teskilat-〓 Esasiye Kanunu)" was being discussed in the Turkish Grand National Assembly (Buyuk Millet Meclisi). The debate on this system reflected the environment in which the GNA could change the regime. Vocational representation was proposed as the sole path for realizing populism (halkcilik), one of the declared principles of the GNA in achieving the agenda of national soveignty (hakimiyet-i milliye). While the GNA inherited this concept from the Second Ottoman Constitutional Period (1908-18), it did not refer to the "unity of elements (ittihad-〓 anasir)," another key terminology of the Ottoman nationhood. It is because the ethnic and/or religious diversity within the nation was already forgotten; now what is important is the welfare of "people." In this way the transition from the multiethnic Ottoman Sultanate to the Turkish Republic was prepared. The period from September 1920 to January 1921 was the critical time when this transition occurred. The reason why vocational representation was rejected illustrates another aspect of the continuity from the late Ottoman period. The GNA always showed hostility towards communitarian and/or corporatist interpretation of constitutionalism, regarding it as a pretext for the dissolution of state, which must be based on the homogeneous, one and inseparable, "nation." It represented the Ottoman-Turks' antipathy towards the political activities of the non-Muslim communities in the late Ottoman period. In conclusion, the debate on vocational representation in late 1920 demonstrated the aspects of both continuity and difference in Ottoman-Turks' political thought between the Ottoman constitutionalism and Turkish republicanism.
  • 松井 真子
    日本中東学会年報
    1999年 14 巻 197-218
    発行日: 1999/03/31
    公開日: 2018/03/30
    ジャーナル フリー
    Commercial relations between the Ottoman Empire and European countries were regulated by the capitulations. Under the capitulatory regime European merchants were granted the status of muste'men, enjoying commercial privileges and protection in the world of. Islam. As trade began to expand in the mid-eighteenth century, muste'men merchants began to participate in trade within the Ottoman Empire, a situation which had been rather limited when the capitulations had first been granted. This commercial activity of muste'men merchants coincided with a period of financial crisis in the Ottoman Empire caused by incessant wars with neighboring countries. The Ottoman government were trying to raise its revenue in whatever way it could. One of the government's main targets was the custom revenues from trade. When this attempt extended to the imposition of internal duties on muste'men merchants, European consulates protested, and the situation finally ended up in the signing of free trade treaties between the Ottoman Empire and European countries. This paper analyzes this process by examining 1) the significance of miri duty (resm-i miri), one of the main internal duties imposed on muste'men merchants, and 2) the European opposition to miri duty in Izmir, a city which connected Ottoman internal and external trade networks.
  • 吉村 貴之
    ロシア史研究
    2000年 67 巻 45-60
    発行日: 2000/10/14
    公開日: 2017/07/25
    ジャーナル フリー
  • ユーラシア大陸の絃楽器に見られる馬のシンボル
    テオドア グレーム, 柘植 元一
    東洋音楽研究
    1976年 1976 巻 38 号 a1-a15
    発行日: 1976年
    公開日: 2010/11/30
    ジャーナル フリー
  • ユーラシア大陸の絃楽器に見られる馬のシンボル
    テオドア グレーム, 柘植 元一
    東洋音楽研究
    1976年 1976 巻 38 号 62-48
    発行日: 1976年
    公開日: 2010/11/30
    ジャーナル フリー
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